Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Picea obovata

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerborerTorymidaeMegastigmus strobilobius
stemborerCurculionidaeDendroctonus micans
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus spinulosus
stemborerCurculionidaePolygraphus punctifrons
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus morosovi
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus traeghardhi
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus saltuarius
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus teplouchovi
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes chalcographus
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus abietis
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron laeve
stemborerCurculionidaeXylechinus pilosus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus micrographus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgops palliatus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cinereus
stemborerCurculionidaeDryocoetes autographus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus lichtensteinii
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus laricis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura insignis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura scutellata
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia masuttii
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia annulicornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura montana
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia abieticola
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia polytoma
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia fennica
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia hercyniae
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia arvensis
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia abietis
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia alpina
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia erythrogaster
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora compressa
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia pallidula
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora nigella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora abietina
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora gerula
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora robusta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora saxesenii
flowerborerTortricidaeCydia illutana
fruitgallCecidomyiidaePlemeliella abietina
flowerpustuleaeciaPuccinialesChrysomyxa pyrolae
leaf budgallspring generationAdelgidaeSacchiphantes viridis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesChrysomyxa ledi
stemvagrantAdelgidaePineus pineoides
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara piceicola


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.iii.2021