Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Pinus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemdownNectriaceaeFusarium oxysporum
rootfilmPeronosporaceaePhytophthora cryptogea
stemkankerNectriaceaeThyronectria pinicola
stempustuleDidymellaceaeDidymella macrostoma
stemkankerdoubtfulNectriaceaeThyronectria coryli
stemkankerNectriaceaeThyronectria strobi
stemkankerNectriaceaeNectria cinnabarina
systemicfilmPeronosporaceaePhytophthora cactorum
rootfilmPeronosporaceaePhytophthora cinnamomi
leafleaf spotRhytismataceaeLophodermella sulcigena
leafpustuleRhytismataceaeLophodermium seditiosum
leafpustuleRhytismataceaeLophodermium conigenum
leafpustuleRhytismataceaeLeptostroma pinorum
leafpustuleRhytismataceaeLophodermium pini-excelsae
stemkankerBotryosphaeriaceaeDiplodia pinea
stemkankerCecidomyiidaeGremmeniella abietina
leafpustulePhacidiaceaeGremmenia infestans
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeLecanosticta acicola
leafleaf spotMelanconiaceaeLeptomelanconium allescheri
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeDothistroma septosporum
stemkankerCoryneliaceaeCaliciopsis moriondi
leafleaf spotAsterinaceaeThyriopsis halepensis
leafleaf spotRhytismataceaeElytroderma torres-juanii
leafpustuleRhytismataceaeLophodermium pinastri
stempustuleGnomoniaceaeSirococcus conigenus
stemkankerCenangiaceaeCrumenulopsis sororia
rootmacro fungusRhizinaceaeRhizina undulata
systemicfilmPythiaceaeGlobisporangium debaryanum
systemicfilmPythiaceaePythium hydnosporum
systemicfilmPythiaceaeGlobisporangium intermedium
systemicfilmPythiaceaePythium torulosum
stempustuleMelanommataceaeSphaeria coulteri
stempustuleMelanommataceaeHerpotrichia juniperi
leafpustuleRhytismataceaeMeloderma desmazieri
systemicdownSclerotiniaceaeBotrytis cinerea
rootdownNectriaceaeFusarium arthrosporioides
rootfilmPlatygloealesHelicobasidium purpureum
rootfilmCeratobasidiaceaeRhizoctonia solani
stemkankerNectriaceaeThyronectria cucurbitula
stemkankerHyaloscyphaceaeDasyscyphus pini
leafpustuleMycosphaerellaceaeMycosphaerella pinifolia
leafleaf spotVenturiaceaeRhizosphaera kalkhoffii
leafleaf spotMassarinaceaeStagonospora brunchorstii
fruitpustuleDothioraceaeDelphinella strobiligena
fruitpustuleBotryosphaeriaceaeSphaeropsis necatrix
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeEremocoris abietis
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeEremocoris plebejus
flowervagrantrarelyLygaeidaeGastrodes abietum
leafpredatorMiridaePhytocoris pini
leafpredatorMiridaeAlloeotomus germanicus
leafpredatorMiridaeAlloeotomus gothicus
leafpredatordoubtfulMiridaeBothynotus pilosus
leafvagrantdoubtfulLygaeidaeIschnodemus suturalis
predatorAnthocoridaeBrachysteles parvicornis
leaf budvagrantMiridaePinalitus rubricatus
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus lapponicus
stempredatorAnthocoridaeXylocoridea brevipennis
leafvagrantCoreidaeSpathocera tenuicornis
fruitvagrantCoreidaeGonocerus acuteangulatus
leafvagrantNotodontidaeThaumetopoea mediterranea
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris cyprius
leafvagrantNotodontidaeThaumetopoea hellenica
flowervagrantCoreidaeLeptoglossus occidentalis
leafvagrantMiridaeDichrooscytus intermedius
leafvagrantCoreidaePlinachtus imitator
leafvagrantrarelyCydnidaeCanthophorus dubius
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus bardus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus baudii
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops montanus
predatorMiridaePhytocoris intricatus
leafvagrantPentatomidaePentatoma rufipes
leafvagrantCoreidaeSpathocera tuberculata
leafvagrantPentatomidaeApodiphus amygdali
predatorAnthocoridaeBuchananiella continua
leafvagrantMiridaeCremnocephalus matocqi
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaeMegacoelum infusum
leafvagrantCoreidaeGonocerus juniperi
predatorAnthocoridaeElatophilus crassicornis
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus rugulipennis
predatorAnthocoridaeAcompocoris pygmaeus
leafvagrantMiridaeGlobiceps juniperi
leafvagrantMiridaeAtractotomus magnicornis
leafvagrantMiridaeCanariocoris pinicola
leafvagrantMiridaeMegacoelum beckeri
leafvagrantLygaeidaeSpilostethus pandurus
leafpredatorPentatomidaeAcrosternum heegeri
predatorMiridaeAlloeonotus cyprius
predatorAnthocoridaeCardiastethus nazarenus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster urticae
leafvagrantMiridaeAcrorrhinium conspersum
predatorPentatomidaePinthaeus sanguinipes
leafvagrantMiridaeDionconotus parnisanus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus olympicus
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris pinihalepensis
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris seidenstueckeri
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris flavilinea
predatorAnthocoridaeElatophilus nigricornis
predatorAnthocoridaeElatophilus crassicornis
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus varians
leafpredatorPentatomidaeChlorochroa pinicola
leafvagrantdoubtfulMiridaeOrthotylus caprai
leafvagrantMiridaePantilius tunicatus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeCodophila varia
leafvagrantMiridaePinalitus atomarius
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMustha spinosula
stemvagrantPentatomidaePalomena prasina
flowervagrantPentatomidaePiezodorus lituratus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeRhaphigaster nebulosa
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMustha longispinis
leafvagrantBerytidaeNeides tipularius
predatorAnthocoridaeAcompocoris alpinus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeGastrodes grossipes
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius horvathi
predatorAnthocoridaeCardiastethus fasciiventris
leafvagrantMiridaeCremnocephalus alpestris
leafvagrantPentatomidaeHolcogaster fibulata
leafvagrantMiridaeCremnocephalus albolineatus
leafvagrantMiridaeDichrooscytus rufipennis
leafvagrantMiridaePilophorus cinnamopterus
leafvagrantMiridaeAtractotomus marcoi
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris minor
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris parvulus
leafvagrantMiridaeMegacoelum beckeri
leafvagrantMiridaeParapsallus vitellinus
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaePsallus piceae
leafvagrantPentatomidaeDolycoris baccarum
flowervagrantMiridaeOrthotylus fuscescens
flowervagrantMiridaePhoenicocoris modestus
predatorAnthocoridaeAcompocoris montanus
leafvagrantMiridaeCamptozygum aequale
leafvagrantMiridaePhoenicocoris obscurellus
leafvagrantMiridaePachyxyphus lineellus
flowervagrantLygaeidaeOrsillus reyi
leafvagrantMiridaeCamptozygum pumilio
leafvagrantMiridaePachypterna fieberi
leafvagrantMiridaeAtractotomus parvulus
leafvagrantMiridaePhoenicocoris dissimilis
leafvagrantMiridaePlesiodema pinetella
leafvagrantMiridaeMegacoelum beckeri
flowervagrantLygaeidaeOrsillus pinicanariensis
flowerborerdoubtfulPyralidaeDioryctria abietella
leafvagrantadultdoubtfulCurculionidaePolydrusus pilosulus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus impar
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus tenebricosus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus scaber
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus coecus
leafhiddendoubtfulPamphilidaeCephalcia hartigii
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePhyllobius fessus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus carinatopunctatus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus marginatus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus pallidus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus tereticollis
unknownunknownPyralidaeDioryctria nivaliensis
root collarborerCurculionidaeHylurgus miklitzi
unknownunknownCurculionidaePlinthus squalidus
fruitborerTortricidaeCydia alazon
leafscalePseudococcidaePuto antennatus
MargarodidaeGueriniella serratulae
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus yerushalmi
predatorCecidomyiidaeLestodiplosis pini
scaleDiaspididaeChionaspis kabyliensis
stemborerCerambycidaeNothorhina muricata
vagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus pini
steminquilineCecidomyiidaeLestodiplosis perrisi
stemscalePseudococcidaePuto caballeroi
scaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus jaapi
stemborerCerambycidaeParmena meregallii
leafvagrantNoctuidaePanolis flammea
stemborerCerambycidaeTrichoferus campestris
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeAsynapta strobi
leafvagrantNotodontidaeThaumetopoea wilkinsoni
leafvagrantNotodontidaeThaumetopoea pinivora
leafvagrantSaturniidaeActias isabelae
leafvagrantNoctuidaePanthea coenobita
flowerborerChloropidaeHapleginella laevifrons
leafvagrantErebidaeDicallomera fortunata
leafvagrantErebidaeLymantria dispar
leafvagrantmainErebidaeLymantria monacha
leafvagrantGeometridaeMacaria signaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHylaea fasciaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHylaea mediterranea
leafvagrantGeometridaeHylaea pinicolaria
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeCosmotriche lobulina
leafvagrantNotodontidaeThaumetopoea pityocampa
leafvagrantGeometridaeAdalbertia castiliaria
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeDendrolimus pini
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlcis repandata
leafvagrantGeometridaeBupalus piniaria
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes rhomboidaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCleora cinctaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia indigata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEupithecia lanceata
leafvagrantGeometridaeDeileptenia ribeata
leafvagrantErebidaeCoscinia cribraria
leafvagrantGeometridaePennithera firmata
leafvagrantGeometridaeThera obeliscata
flowerborerGeometridaeEupithecia abietaria
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes ilicaria
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeMacaria alternata
leafvagrantGeometridaeMacaria liturata
leafvagrantSphingidaeSphinx maurorum
leafvagrantSphingidaeSphinx pinastri
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAnthaxia zarazagai
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis aetnensis
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAnthaxia zarazagai
flowerborerTorymidaeMegastigmus atedius
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis bertheloti
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera crinita
stemborerBuprestidaeChalcophora detrita
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia thessalica
leafhiddenTortricidaeGravitarmata margarotana
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia obesa
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza annulipes
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia masculina
stemborerBuprestidaeEurythyrea austriaca
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia corinthia
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia istriana
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia novickii
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia pinguis
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia praeclara
stemborerBuprestidaeDicerca moesta
stemborerBuprestidaeChalcophora intermedia
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia kubani
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia passerini
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis rustica
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia helvetica
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris chrysostigma
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis splendens
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia morio
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia lusitanica
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis flavoangulata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia carmen
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia espanoli
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia godeti
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia nigritula
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis novemmaculata
stemborerBuprestidaePhaenops sumptuosa
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis octoguttata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia rugicollis
stemborerBuprestidaePhaenops formaneki
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia senilis
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis haemorrhoidalis
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia parallela
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia scutellaris
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia nigrojubata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia bilyi
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia quadripunctata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia sepulchralis
stemborerBuprestidaeMelanophila acuminata
stemborerBuprestidaeMelanophila cuspidata
stemborerBuprestidaePhaenops cyanea
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris solieri
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris igniventris
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaeniodes formosana
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus solus
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera quadrifasciata
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera bipunctata
stemborerBuprestidaeChalcophora mariana
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBrachyderes rugatus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBrachyderes lusitanicus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBrachyderes suturalis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBrachyderes pubescens
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBrachyderes grisescens
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBrachyderes incanus
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeCixius similis
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygus mixtus
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius distinguendus
leafvagrantCaliscelidaeWagneripteryx germari
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeApartus michalki
stemvagrantadultAphrophoridaeAphrophora corticea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeGrypotes puncticollis
stemvagrantadultAphrophoridaeAphrophora major
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius beieri
leafvagrantadultCercopidaeHaematoloma dorsata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeGrypotes staurus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus robustus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus exsculptus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus buyssoni
stemborerCurculionidaePityokteines spinidens
stemborerCurculionidaePolygraphus punctifrons
stemborerCurculionidaeIps typographus
stemborerCurculionidaeDendroctonus micans
leafvagrantTetranychidaeOligonychus coniferarum
stemborerrarelyCurculionidaeIps duplicatus
stemborerCurculionidaeChaetoptelius vestitus
stemborerCurculionidaeDryocoetes hectographus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgops glabratus
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus perrisi
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus subcribrosus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps amitinus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus proximus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus carniolicus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps mannsfeldi
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus glabratus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus pityographus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes porifrons
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes chalcographus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus micrographus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus knoteki
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes bistridentatus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus henscheli
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes conjunctus
stemborerCurculionidaePolygraphus subopacus
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus saltuarius
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes irkutensis
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes opacus
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus abietis
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus pusillus
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron laeve
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeosinus laricionis
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes trepanatus
stemborerCurculionidaeXylechinus pilosus
stemborerCurculionidaePolygraphus poligraphus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes brunneus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus suturalis
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus lichtensteinii
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes bidentatus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps acuminatus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps sexdentatus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus laricis
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus longicollis
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus eurygraphus
stemborerCurculionidaeXylosandrus germanus
stemborerCurculionidaeGnathotrichus materiarius
stemborerCurculionidaeDryocoetes autographus
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron lineatum
stemborerCurculionidaePolygraphus grandiclava
stemborerCurculionidaeHypothenemus eruditus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgops palliatus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cylindricollis
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus hispidulus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes quadridens
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus pubescens
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus minimus
stemborerCurculionidaeTomicus minor
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cinereus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes calcaratus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes pennidens
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes angustatus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes ater
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes attenuatus
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus pini
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus bonnairei
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus marani
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus numidicus
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus henscheli
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus mediterraneus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus numidicus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cribrellus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes linearis
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgus ligniperda
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus erosus
stemborerCurculionidaeTomicus destruens
rootvagrantCurculionidaePachyrhinus mustela
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes harcyniae
stemvagrantadultCurculionidaeHylobius abietis
unknownunknownCurculionidaeHylobius pinastri
unknownunknownTortricidaeRhyacionia hafneri
unknownunknownCurculionidaeMagdalis punctirostris
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeStrophosoma melanogrammum
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeApterygothrips priesneri
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeApterygothrips hispanicus
unknownunknowndoubtfulAeolothripidaeMelanthrips trifasciatus
unknownunknownThripidaeOxythrips priesneri
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips pini
flowerhiddenThripidaeOxythrips bicolor
flowerhiddenThripidaeOxythrips ajugae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCalomicrus apicalis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeEuluperus espanoli
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeEuluperus pinicola
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis rufa
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis phlegmatica
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis memnonia
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis linearis
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda hieroglyphica
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis frontalis
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis violacea
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis duplicata
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes castaneus
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes harcyniae
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes pini
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes piniphilus
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis frontalis
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis violacea
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis duplicata
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes castaneus
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes harcyniae
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes pini
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes piniphilus
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis linearis
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis rufa
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis nitida
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis memnonia
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis phlegmatica
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus argonautarum
leafvagrantDiprionidaeMacrodiprion nemoralis
leafvagrantdoubtfulDiprionidaeGilpinia abieticola
stemgallHypocrealesFusarium circinatum
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela graeca
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela uncinatae
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela peuce
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela lugdunensis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia variegata
leafvagrantDiprionidaeMicrodiprion pallipes
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela altenhoferi
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela heldreichii
stemborerSiricidaeXeris spectrum
stemborerSiricidaeSirex juvencus
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus gigas
stemborerSiricidaeSirex cyaneus
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia laricis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia virens
stemborerSiricidaeSirex noctilio
leafvagrantDiprionidaeDiprion similis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeDiprion pini
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia frutetorum
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia pallida
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia socia
inquilineCecidomyiidaeCecidomyia sarae
inquilineCecidomyiidaeCecidomyia harrisi
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCaenolyda reticulata
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda posticalis
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda hieroglyphica
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda pumilionis
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda flaviceps
stemborerTortricidaeRhyacionia walsinghami
leafhiddendoubtfulGelechiidaeTeleiodes saltuum
stemvagrantPseudococcidaePuto superbus
leafscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes newsteadi
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
stemscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus britannicus
stemvagrantMargarodidaePalaeococcus fuscipennis
stemscaleMargarodidaeMarchalina hellenica
stemboreryounger larvaPyralidaeDioryctria simplicella
leaf budborerolder larvaPyralidaeDioryctria simplicella
stemborerPyralidaeDioryctria sylvestrella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia rubiginosana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia cognatana
leafhiddenTortricidaePseudococcyx mughiana
leaf budborerTortricidaeZeiraphera ratzeburgiana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia coniferana
leafvagrantDiprionidaeNeodiprion sertifer
leaf budborerTortricidaeZeiraphera griseana
flowervagrantCoreidaeLeptoglossus occidentalis
flowerborerPyralidaeDioryctria mendacella
flowerborerPyralidaeDioryctria pineae
stemboreryounger larvaTortricidaePseudococcyx posticana
leaf budborerolder larvaTortricidaePseudococcyx posticana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClavigesta sylvestrana
stemborerTortricidaeRhyacionia logaea
leaf budborerTortricidaeCorticivora piniana
leaf budboreryounger larvaTortricidaeRhyacionia pinivorana
stemborerolder larvaTortricidaeRhyacionia pinivorana
stemborerTortricidaeRhyacionia duplana
stemborerTortricidaeRhyacionia pinicolana
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda erythrocephala
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela julii
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela longula
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela alpigena
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela helvetica
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela obscura
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela curva
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela menelaus
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis senecionana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeArchips oporana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeArchips oporana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledonides lunana
stemhiddenTortricidaeCydia cosmophorana
flowerborerTortricidaeCydia strobilella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris abietana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris caledoniana
stemborerTortricidaePiniphila bifasciana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus wainsteini
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus lineola
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeTrisetacus silvestris
leafvagrantEriophyidaePlatyphytoptus pineae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEriophyes hunniacus
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeSetoptus strobacus
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeSetoptus multigranulatus
flowerborerPyralidaeVitula biviella
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAnthonomus phyllocola
leaf budborerlarvararelyCurculionidaeAnthonomus pinivorax
stemborerdoubtfulSesiidaeSynanthedon cephiformis
flowerborerNemonychidaeDoydirhynchus austriacus
flowerborerNemonychidaeCimberis attelaboides
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara intermedia
leafvagrantAphididaeaEulachnus alticola
rootvagrantsummer generationdoubtfulAphididaePachypappa vesicalis
leafscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus abietis
systemicscaleDiaspididaeParlatoria oleae
leafscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes juniperi
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
leafscaleDiaspididaeChionaspis austriaca
leafscaleCoccidaeCoccus hesperidum
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis lowi
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pini
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pusilla
stemscaleDiaspididaeGomezmenoraspis pinicola
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia duplicana
stemscaleMatsucoccidaeMatsucoccus feytaudi
stemscaleMatsucoccidaeMatsucoccus josephi
stemscaleMatsucoccidaeMatsucoccus pini
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara guadarramae
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara montanicola
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara gudaris
leafvagrantAphididaeaEulachnus mediterraneus
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinimaritimae
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara balachowskyi
flowergallCurculionidaePissodes validirostris
flowergallTortricidaeCydia conicolana
leaf budgallPhytoptidaeTrisetacus cembrae
leaf budgallTortricidaeRhyacionia buoliana
leaf budgallTortricidaePseudococcyx turionella
leafgallAdelgidaePineus pini
leafgallCecidomyiidaeThecodiplosis brachyntera
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia baeri
leafminerdoubtfulBatrachedridaeBatrachedra pinicolella
leafminerCurculionidaeBrachonyx pineti
leafminerGelechiidaeExoteleia dodecella
leafminerTortricidaeClavigesta purdeyi
leafminerYponomeutidaeCedestis gysseleniella
leafminerYponomeutidaeCedestis subfasciella
leafminerYponomeutidaeOcnerostoma friesei
leafminerYponomeutidaeOcnerostoma piniariella
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesColeosporium aposeridis
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesColeosporium asterisci-aquatici
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium cacaliae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium campanulae
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesColeosporium carpesii
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesColeosporium cerinthes
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium doronici
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium euphrasiae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium inulae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium kleiniae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium ligulariae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium melampyri
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesColeosporium narcissi
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium petasitis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium pulsatillae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium senecionis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium sonchi
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesColeosporium telekiae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium tropaeoli
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium tussilaginis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora populnea
leafvagrantsummer generationAdelgidaePineus cembrae
leafvagrantsummer generationAdelgidaePineus orientalis
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizolachnus obscurus
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizolachnus pineti
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus brevipilosus
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus agilis
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus cembrae
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus nigricola
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus rileyi
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes farkasi
leafvagrantEriophyidaePlatyphytoptus sabinianae
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeSetoptus pini
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeTrisetacus ehmanni
stemborerCecidomyiidaeCecidomyia pini
stemgallCurculionidaeTomicus piniperda
stemgallPhytoptidaeTrisetacus pini
stemgallaeciaPuccinialesCronartium flaccidum
stemgallaeciaPuccinialesCronartium quercuum
stemgallaeciaPuccinialesCronartium ribicola
stemgallRhizobialesAgrobacterium tumefaciens
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemgallTortricidaeRetinia resinella
stemoviposition scarLestidaeLestes viridis
stempustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora pinitorqua
stemvagrantAdelgidaePineus strobi
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara acutirostris
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara nigritergi
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinihabitans
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara nuda
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara brauni
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara piniphila
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara schimitscheki
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara hyperophila
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara cembrae
stemvagrantmainAphididaeCinara neubergi
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pilosa
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinea
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pini
stemvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeElatobium abietinum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeProciphilus pini
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara maghrebica
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara palaestinensis
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara setosa
leafvagrantAphididaeEssigella californica
leafvagrantmainAphididaeEulachnus tuberculostemmatus

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 30.ix.2022