organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus phyllocola
leaf bud borer larva rarely Curculionidae Anthonomus pinivorax
stem borer doubtful Sesiidae Synanthedon cephiformis
flower borer Nemonychidae Doydirhynchus austriacus
flower borer Nemonychidae Cimberis attelaboides
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara intermedia
leaf vagrant Aphididaea Eulachnus alticola
root vagrant summer generation doubtful Aphididae Pachypappa vesicalis
leaf scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus abietis
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
leaf scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes juniperi
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
leaf scale Diaspididae Chionaspis austriaca
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis lowi
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis pini
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis pusilla
stem scale Diaspididae Gomezmenoraspis pinicola
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Ditula angustiorana
stem borer Tortricidae Cydia duplicana
stem scale Matsucoccidae Matsucoccus feytaudi
stem scale Matsucoccidae Matsucoccus josephi
stem scale Matsucoccidae Matsucoccus pini
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara guadarramae
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara montanicola
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara gudaris
leaf vagrant Aphididaea Eulachnus mediterraneus
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinimaritimae
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara balachowskyi
flower gall Curculionidae Pissodes validirostris
flower gall Tortricidae Cydia conicolana
leaf bud gall Phytoptidae Trisetacus cembrae
leaf bud gall Tortricidae Rhyacionia buoliana
leaf bud gall Tortricidae Pseudococcyx turionella
leaf gall Adelgidae Pineus pini
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Thecodiplosis brachyntera
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia baeri
leaf miner doubtful Batrachedridae Batrachedra pinicolella
leaf miner Curculionidae Brachonyx pineti
leaf miner Gelechiidae Exoteleia dodecella
leaf miner doubtful Tortricidae Aphelia viburnana
leaf miner Tortricidae Zeiraphera ratzeburgiana
leaf miner Tortricidae Archips oporana
leaf miner doubtful Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
leaf miner Tortricidae Clavigesta purdeyi
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Cedestis gysseleniella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Cedestis subfasciella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Ocnerostoma friesei
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Ocnerostoma piniariella
leaf pustule aecia doubtful Pucciniales Coleosporium aposeridis
leaf pustule aecia doubtful Pucciniales Coleosporium asterisci-aquatici
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium cacaliae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium campanulae
leaf pustule aecia doubtful Pucciniales Coleosporium carpesii
leaf pustule aecia doubtful Pucciniales Coleosporium cerinthes
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium doronici
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium euphrasiae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium inulae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium kleiniae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium ligulariae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium melampyri
leaf pustule aecia doubtful Pucciniales Coleosporium narcissi
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium petasitis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium pulsatillae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium senecionis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium sonchi
leaf pustule aecia doubtful Pucciniales Coleosporium telekiae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium tropaeoli
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium tussilaginis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora populnea
leaf vagrant summer generation Adelgidae Pineus cembrae
leaf vagrant summer generation Adelgidae Pineus orientalis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizolachnus obscurus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizolachnus pineti
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus brevipilosus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus agilis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus cembrae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus nigricola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus rileyi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes farkasi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Platyphytoptus sabinianae
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Setoptus pini
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Trisetacus ehmanni
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Cecidomyia pini
stem gall Curculionidae Tomicus piniperda
stem gall Phytoptidae Trisetacus pini
stem gall aecia Pucciniales Cronartium flaccidum
stem gall aecia Pucciniales Cronartium quercuum
stem gall aecia Pucciniales Cronartium ribicola
stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem gall Tortricidae Retinia resinella
stem oviposition scar Lestidae Lestes viridis
stem pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora pinitorqua
stem vagrant Adelgidae Pineus strobi
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara acutirostris
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara nigritergi
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinihabitans
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara nuda
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara brauni
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara piniphila
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara schimitscheki
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara hyperophila
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara cembrae
stem vagrant main Aphididae Cinara neubergi
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pilosa
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinea
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pini
stem vagrant doubtful Aphididae Elatobium abietinum
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Prociphilus pini
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara maghrebica
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara palaestinensis
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara setosa
leaf vagrant Aphididae Essigella californica
leaf vagrant main Aphididae Eulachnus tuberculostemmatus

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 19.v.2019