Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pinus brutia

turkish pine

synonym: Pinus eldarica, halepensis subsp. brutia, pithyusa, pityusa, stankewiczii

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotRhytismataceaeElytroderma torres-juanii
leafvagrantCoreidaePlinachtus imitator
leafvagrantdoubtfulNotodontidaeThaumetopoea hellenica
flowervagrantLygaeidaeOrsillus reyi
leafvagrantPentatomidaeCodophila varia
leafvagrantPentatomidaeDolycoris baccarum
root collarborerCurculionidaeHylurgus miklitzi
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus yerushalmi
leafvagrantNotodontidaeThaumetopoea wilkinsoni
scaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus jaapi
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeAsynapta strobi
leafvagrantNotodontidaeThaumetopoea pityocampa
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes ater
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia nigrojubata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia corinthia
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia obesa
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia novickii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeGrypotes puncticollis
leafvagrantadultCercopidaeHaematoloma dorsata
stemborerCurculionidaeIps mannsfeldi
stemborerCurculionidaeIps sexdentatus
stemborerCurculionidaeChaetoptelius vestitus
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus pini
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes bistridentatus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes quadridens
stemgallCurculionidaeTomicus piniperda
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus minimus
stemborerCurculionidaeHypothenemus eruditus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus longicollis
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus eurygraphus
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron lineatum
stemborerCurculionidaeTomicus minor
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes calcaratus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes pennidens
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus erosus
stemborerCurculionidaeTomicus destruens
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus henscheli
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus mediterraneus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus numidicus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cribrellus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes linearis
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgus ligniperda
leaf budgallTortricidaeRhyacionia buoliana
flowerhiddenThripidaeOxythrips ajugae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCalomicrus apicalis
stemscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus britannicus
stemvagrantMargarodidaePalaeococcus fuscipennis
stemscaleMargarodidaeMarchalina hellenica
stemborerPyralidaeDioryctria sylvestrella
flowervagrantCoreidaeLeptoglossus occidentalis
leafscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus abietis
leafscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes juniperi
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis lowi
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pini
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pusilla
stemscaleDiaspididaeGomezmenoraspis pinicola
stemscaleMatsucoccidaeMatsucoccus josephi
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora populnea
stempustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora pinitorqua
leafvagrantmainAphididaeEulachnus tuberculostemmatus
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara palaestinensis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 11.viii.2022