Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pinus halepensis

aleppo pine

synonym: Pinus maritima Mill.

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerCurculionidaeTomicus minor
leafvagrantTetranychidaeOligonychus coniferarum
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes porifrons
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus pubescens
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus eurygraphus
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron lineatum
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cinereus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes calcaratus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes pennidens
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus erosus
stemborerCurculionidaeTomicus destruens
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus pini
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus bonnairei
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus marani
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus numidicus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus mediterraneus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus numidicus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cribrellus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes linearis
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes attenuatus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgus ligniperda
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgus miklitzi
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis memnonia
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeApterygothrips hispanicus
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeApterygothrips priesneri
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis phlegmatica
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela altenhoferi
stemborerTortricidaePiniphila bifasciana
stemscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus britannicus
stemvagrantMargarodidaePalaeococcus fuscipennis
stemscaleMargarodidaeMarchalina hellenica
stemborerTortricidaeRhyacionia pinicolana
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus wainsteini
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus lineola
leafscaleCoccidaeCoccus hesperidum
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis lowi
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pusilla
stemscaleDiaspididaeGomezmenoraspis pinicola
stemscaleMatsucoccidaeMatsucoccus josephi
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara balachowskyi
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinimaritimae
leaf budgallTortricidaeRhyacionia buoliana
leafgallAdelgidaePineus pini
leafgallCecidomyiidaeThecodiplosis brachyntera
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium inulae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora populnea
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus rileyi
stemgallaeciaPuccinialesCronartium flaccidum
stemgallRhizobialesAgrobacterium tumefaciens
stempustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora pinitorqua
leafvagrantAphididaeEssigella californica
leafvagrantmainAphididaeEulachnus tuberculostemmatus
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara maghrebica
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara palaestinensis
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus agilis
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizolachnus pineti


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 28.xi.2020