Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pinus mugo

dwarf mountain pine

synonym: Pinus montana, pumilio

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis frontalis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeMicrodiprion pallipes
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda erythrocephala
flowerborerNemonychidaeDoydirhynchus austriacus
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda flaviceps
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda posticalis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia variegata
leafvagrantDiprionidaeDiprion similis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeDiprion pini
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia frutetorum
leafvagrantDiprionidaeNeodiprion sertifer
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia socia
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda hieroglyphica
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda pumilionis
leafhiddenTortricidaePseudococcyx mughiana
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela helvetica
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela obscura
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeTrisetacus silvestris
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAnthonomus phyllocola
leafvagrantAphididaeaEulachnus alticola
leafscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus abietis
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis lowi
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pini
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pusilla
stemgallTortricidaeRetinia resinella
stemscaleMatsucoccidaeMatsucoccus pini
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara montanicola
flowergallCurculionidaePissodes validirostris
leaf budgallPhytoptidaeTrisetacus cembrae
leaf budgallTortricidaeRhyacionia buoliana
leafgallAdelgidaePineus pini
leafgallCecidomyiidaeThecodiplosis brachyntera
leafminerGelechiidaeExoteleia dodecella
leafminerYponomeutidaeCedestis gysseleniella
leafminerYponomeutidaeCedestis subfasciella
leafminerYponomeutidaeOcnerostoma friesei
leafminerYponomeutidaeOcnerostoma piniariella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium cacaliae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium campanulae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium doronici
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium euphrasiae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium kleiniae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium ligulariae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium melampyri
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium pulsatillae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium sonchi
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium tropaeoli
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium tussilaginis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora populnea
leafvagrantsummer generationAdelgidaePineus orientalis
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus agilis
leafvagrantmainAphididaeEulachnus brevipilosus
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus rileyi
leafvagrantmainAphididaeSchizolachnus pineti
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeSchizolachnus obscurus
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeSetoptus pini
stemgallPhytoptidaeTrisetacus pini
stemgallaeciaPuccinialesCronartium flaccidum
stempustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora pinitorqua
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pini
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinihabitans
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara nuda
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pilosa
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinea
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeCinara schimitscheki
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara hyperophila
stemvagrantmainAphididaeCinara neubergi
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara setosa
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus nigricola

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 21.v.2020