Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pinus nigra subsp. laricio

corsican pine

synonym: Pinus laricio, nigra subsp. calabrica, nigra subsp. corsicana

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeHylaea mediterranea
leafvagrantGeometridaeHylaea pinicolaria
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cribrellus
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis aetnensis
stemborerBuprestidaePhaenops cyanea
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis novemmaculata
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris solieri
stemborerBuprestidaeDicerca moesta
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBrachyderes incanus
leafminerYponomeutidaeCedestis gysseleniella
unknownunknownBuprestidaeDicerca moesta
leafvagrantadultCercopidaeHaematoloma dorsata
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes trepanatus
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus minimus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus lichtensteinii
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeosinus laricionis
stemborerCurculionidaeTomicus minor
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cinereus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus laricis
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes ater
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela curva
stemborerTortricidaeCydia coniferana
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela graeca
stemhiddenTortricidaeCydia cosmophorana
flowerborerPyralidaeVitula biviella
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pini
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pusilla
leafgallPineus pini
leafvagrantAphididaeaEulachnus mediterraneus
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinimaritimae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium tussilaginis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora populnea
stemgallaeciaPuccinialesCronartium flaccidum
stempustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora pinitorqua
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara acutirostris
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara schimitscheki
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus tuberculostemmatus
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus rileyi
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeCinara brauni


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 2.vii.2021