Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pinus nigra

austrian pine, european black pine

synonym: Pinus austriaca, nigra subsp. austriaca, nigricans

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCalomicrus apicalis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeEuluperus pinicola
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis frontalis
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis memnonia
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes castaneus
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia socia
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela julii
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela lugdunensis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeDiprion similis
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus gigas
leafvagrantDiprionidaeDiprion pini
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia frutetorum
stemborerSiricidaeSirex noctilio
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela graeca
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela nigroabscondita
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda posticalis
leafscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes newsteadi
flowerborerPyralidaeDioryctria abietella
leafvagrantDiprionidaeNeodiprion sertifer
stemborerTortricidaeRhyacionia duplana
stemborerTortricidaeRhyacionia pinicolana
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda erythrocephala
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela curva
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela menelaus
leaf budgallTortricidaePseudococcyx turionella
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus lineola
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEriophyes hunniacus
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes farkasi
flowergallTortricidaeCydia conicolana
leaf budborerlarvararelyCurculionidaeAnthonomus pinivorax
flowerborerNemonychidaeCimberis attelaboides
leafscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus abietis
leafscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes juniperi
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis lowi
leafscaleDiaspididaeChionaspis austriaca
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pini
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pusilla
stemscaleMatsucoccidaeMatsucoccus pini
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinimaritimae
leafvagrantAphididaeaEulachnus mediterraneus
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara gudaris
flowergallCurculionidaePissodes validirostris
leaf budgallTortricidaeRhyacionia buoliana
leafgallAdelgidaePineus pini
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia baeri
leafgallCecidomyiidaeThecodiplosis brachyntera
leafminerTortricidaeClavigesta purdeyi
leafminerYponomeutidaeCedestis gysseleniella
leafminerYponomeutidaeCedestis subfasciella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium campanulae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium euphrasiae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium tussilaginis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora populnea
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus agilis
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus brevipilosus
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus nigricola
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus rileyi
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizolachnus pineti
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizolachnus obscurus
leafvagrantEriophyidaePlatyphytoptus sabinianae
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeSetoptus pini
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeTrisetacus ehmanni
stemgallPhytoptidaeTrisetacus pini
stemgallaeciaPuccinialesCronartium flaccidum
stempustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora pinitorqua
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara acutirostris
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara nuda
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara brauni
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pilosa
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinea
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara schimitscheki
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus tuberculostemmatus
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara maghrebica

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 22.vii.2020