austrian pine, european black pine

synonym: Pinus austriaca, nigra subsp. austriaca, nigricans

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf bud borer larva rarely Curculionidae Anthonomus pinivorax
flower borer Nemonychidae Cimberis attelaboides
leaf scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus abietis
leaf scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes juniperi
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis lowi
leaf scale Diaspididae Chionaspis austriaca
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis pini
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis pusilla
stem scale Matsucoccidae Matsucoccus pini
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinimaritimae
leaf vagrant Aphididaea Eulachnus mediterraneus
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara gudaris
flower gall Curculionidae Pissodes validirostris
leaf bud gall Tortricidae Rhyacionia buoliana
leaf gall Adelgidae Pineus pini
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia baeri
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Thecodiplosis brachyntera
leaf miner Tortricidae Clavigesta purdeyi
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Cedestis gysseleniella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Cedestis subfasciella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium campanulae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium euphrasiae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium tussilaginis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora populnea
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus agilis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus brevipilosus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus nigricola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus rileyi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizolachnus pineti
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizolachnus obscurus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Platyphytoptus sabinianae
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Setoptus pini
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Trisetacus ehmanni
stem gall Phytoptidae Trisetacus pini
stem gall aecia Pucciniales Cronartium flaccidum
stem pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora pinitorqua
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara acutirostris
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara nuda
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara brauni
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pilosa
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinea
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara schimitscheki
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus tuberculostemmatus
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara maghrebica

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 12.vii.2019