Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pinus sylvestris

scots pine

synonym: Pinus silvestris, sosnowskyi

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus buyssoni
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cribrellus
stemborerCurculionidaeDryocoetes hectographus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgops glabratus
stemborerCurculionidaeDendroctonus micans
stemborerCurculionidaeIps typographus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes bistridentatus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes chalcographus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes irkutensis
stemborerCurculionidaePityokteines spinidens
stemborerCurculionidaePolygraphus punctifrons
stemborerrarelyCurculionidaeIps duplicatus
stemborerCurculionidaePolygraphus poligraphus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes brunneus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps amitinus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus glabratus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus carniolicus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus proximus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps mannsfeldi
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus hispidulus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus henscheli
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus micrographus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus pityographus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus subcribrosus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes trepanatus
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron laeve
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus henscheli
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes opacus
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus abietis
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus pusillus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus suturalis
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes angustatus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgops palliatus
stemborerCurculionidaeDryocoetes autographus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeXylosandrus germanus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus eurygraphus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus lichtensteinii
stemborerCurculionidaeGnathotrichus materiarius
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes bidentatus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps acuminatus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps sexdentatus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus laricis
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus longicollis
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron lineatum
stemborerCurculionidaePolygraphus grandiclava
stemborerCurculionidaeTomicus minor
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes attenuatus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cinereus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus numidicus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus pubescens
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus minimus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes calcaratus
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes quadridens
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus erosus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes ater
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgus ligniperda
stemborerCurculionidaeHylastes linearis
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis nitida
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes harcyniae
stemvagrantadultCurculionidaeHylobius abietis
unknownunknownCurculionidaeHylobius pinastri
stemborerRhynchitidaeLasiorhynchites coeruleocephalus
flowerhiddenThripidaeOxythrips bicolor
flowerhiddenThripidaeOxythrips ajugae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCalomicrus apicalis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeEuluperus espanoli
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeEuluperus pinicola
leafvagrantDiprionidaeMacrodiprion nemoralis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeMicrodiprion pallipes
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela graeca
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda flaviceps
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia variegata
leafvagrantDiprionidaeDiprion similis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia frutetorum
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia laricis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia virens
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia pallida
stemborerSiricidaeSirex juvencus
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus gigas
stemborerSiricidaeSirex cyaneus
stemborerSiricidaeSirex noctilio
leafvagrantDiprionidaeDiprion pini
inquilineCecidomyiidaeCecidomyia sarae
inquilineCecidomyiidaeCecidomyia harrisi
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia socia
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda posticalis
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCaenolyda reticulata
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
leafhiddendoubtfulGelechiidaeTeleiodes saltuum
stemvagrantMargarodidaePalaeococcus fuscipennis
stemscaleMargarodidaeMarchalina hellenica
leafscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes newsteadi
stemboreryounger larvaPyralidaeDioryctria simplicella
leaf budborerolder larvaPyralidaeDioryctria simplicella
flowerborerPyralidaeDioryctria abietella
stemborerPyralidaeDioryctria sylvestrella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia rubiginosana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia cognatana
leaf budborerTortricidaeZeiraphera ratzeburgiana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia coniferana
leafvagrantDiprionidaeNeodiprion sertifer
leaf budborerTortricidaeZeiraphera griseana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClavigesta sylvestrana
stemboreryounger larvaTortricidaePseudococcyx posticana
leaf budborerolder larvaTortricidaePseudococcyx posticana
leaf budboreryounger larvaTortricidaeRhyacionia pinivorana
stemborerolder larvaTortricidaeRhyacionia pinivorana
stemborerTortricidaeRhyacionia duplana
stemborerTortricidaeRhyacionia pinicolana
stemborerTortricidaeRhyacionia logaea
leaf budborerTortricidaeCorticivora piniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda erythrocephala
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela julii
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela longula
leafvagrantTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeArchips oporana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeArchips oporana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
flowerborerTortricidaeCydia strobilella
stemhiddenTortricidaeCydia cosmophorana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris abietana
stemborerTortricidaePiniphila bifasciana
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus lineola
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeSetoptus multigranulatus
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeTrisetacus silvestris
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAnthonomus phyllocola
leaf budborerlarvaCurculionidaeAnthonomus pinivorax
flowerborerNemonychidaeCimberis attelaboides
flowerborerNemonychidaeDoydirhynchus austriacus
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara intermedia
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara montanicola
rootvagrantsummer generationdoubtfulAphididaePachypappa vesicalis
leafvagrantsummer generationPineus cembrae
leafscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus abietis
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pini
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis pusilla
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis lowi
stemscaleDiaspididaeGomezmenoraspis pinicola
stemvagrantPineus strobi
stemvagrantMatsucoccidaeMatsucoccus pini
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinimaritimae
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara guadarramae
leafvagrantAphididaeaEulachnus mediterraneus
flowergallCurculionidaePissodes validirostris
flowergallTortricidaeCydia conicolana
leaf budgallTortricidaePseudococcyx turionella
leaf budgallTortricidaeRhyacionia buoliana
leafgallAdelgidaePineus pini
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia baeri
leafgallCecidomyiidaeThecodiplosis brachyntera
leafminerCurculionidaeBrachonyx pineti
leafminerGelechiidaeExoteleia dodecella
leafminerTortricidaeClavigesta purdeyi
leafminerYponomeutidaeCedestis gysseleniella
leafminerYponomeutidaeCedestis subfasciella
leafminerYponomeutidaeOcnerostoma friesei
leafminerYponomeutidaeOcnerostoma piniariella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium cacaliae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium campanulae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium euphrasiae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium inulae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium melampyri
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesColeosporium tussilaginis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora populnea
leafvagrantsummer generationAdelgidaePineus orientalis
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus agilis
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus brevipilosus
leafvagrantAphididaeEulachnus rileyi
leafvagrantmainAphididaeSchizolachnus pineti
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeSchizolachnus obscurus
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes farkasi
leafvagrantEriophyidaePlatyphytoptus sabinianae
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeSetoptus pini
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeTrisetacus ehmanni
stemborermainCecidomyiidaeCecidomyia pini
stemgallCurculionidaeTomicus piniperda
stemgallPhytoptidaeTrisetacus pini
stemgallaeciaPuccinialesCronartium flaccidum
stemgallaeciaPuccinialesCronartium quercuum
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemgallTortricidaeRetinia resinella
stempustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora pinitorqua
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pini
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara nigritergi
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinihabitans
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara nuda
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeCinara brauni
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pilosa
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinea
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara piniphila
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara hyperophila
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeProciphilus pini
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara maghrebica

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 26.xi.2020