scots pine

synonym: Pinus silvestris, sosnowskyi

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf hidden doubtful Gelechiidae Teleiodes saltuum
stem vagrant Margarodidae Palaeococcus fuscipennis
stem scale Margarodidae Marchalina hellenica
leaf scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes newsteadi
stem borer younger larva Pyralidae Dioryctria simplicella
leaf bud borer older larva Pyralidae Dioryctria simplicella
flower borer Pyralidae Dioryctria abietella
stem borer Pyralidae Dioryctria sylvestrella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epinotia rubiginosana
stem borer Tortricidae Cydia cognatana
leaf bud borer Tortricidae Zeiraphera ratzeburgiana
stem borer Tortricidae Cydia coniferana
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Neodiprion sertifer
leaf bud borer Tortricidae Zeiraphera griseana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clavigesta sylvestrana
stem borer younger larva Tortricidae Pseudococcyx posticana
leaf bud borer older larva Tortricidae Pseudococcyx posticana
leaf bud borer younger larva Tortricidae Rhyacionia pinivorana
stem borer older larva Tortricidae Rhyacionia pinivorana
stem borer Tortricidae Rhyacionia duplana
stem borer Tortricidae Rhyacionia pinicolana
stem borer Tortricidae Rhyacionia logaea
leaf bud borer Tortricidae Corticivora piniana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ditula angustiorana
leaf hidden Pamphilidae Acantholyda erythrocephala
flower borer doubtful Xyelidae Xyela graeca
flower borer Xyelidae Xyela julii
flower borer Xyelidae Xyela longula
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Aphelia viburniana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Archips oporana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Archips oporana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
flower borer Tortricidae Cydia strobilella
stem hidden Tortricidae Cydia cosmophorana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris abietana
stem borer Tortricidae Piniphila bifasciana
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus lineola
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Setoptus multigranulatus
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Trisetacus silvestris
flower borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus phyllocola
leaf bud borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus pinivorax
flower borer Nemonychidae Cimberis attelaboides
flower borer Nemonychidae Doydirhynchus austriacus
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara intermedia
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara montanicola
root vagrant summer generation doubtful Aphididae Pachypappa vesicalis
leaf vagrant summer generation Pineus cembrae
leaf scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus abietis
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis pini
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis pusilla
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis lowi
stem scale Diaspididae Gomezmenoraspis pinicola
stem vagrant Pineus strobi
stem vagrant Matsucoccidae Matsucoccus pini
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinimaritimae
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara guadarramae
leaf vagrant Aphididaea Eulachnus mediterraneus
flower gall Curculionidae Pissodes validirostris
flower gall Tortricidae Cydia conicolana
leaf bud gall Tortricidae Pseudococcyx turionella
leaf bud gall Tortricidae Rhyacionia buoliana
leaf gall Adelgidae Pineus pini
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia baeri
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Thecodiplosis brachyntera
leaf miner Curculionidae Brachonyx pineti
leaf miner Gelechiidae Exoteleia dodecella
leaf miner Tortricidae Clavigesta purdeyi
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Cedestis gysseleniella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Cedestis subfasciella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Ocnerostoma friesei
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Ocnerostoma piniariella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium cacaliae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium campanulae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium euphrasiae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium inulae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium melampyri
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium tussilaginis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora populnea
leaf vagrant summer generation Adelgidae Pineus orientalis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus agilis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus brevipilosus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus rileyi
leaf vagrant main Aphididae Schizolachnus pineti
leaf vagrant rarely Aphididae Schizolachnus obscurus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes farkasi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Platyphytoptus sabinianae
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Setoptus pini
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Trisetacus ehmanni
stem borer main Cecidomyiidae Cecidomyia pini
stem gall Curculionidae Tomicus piniperda
stem gall Phytoptidae Trisetacus pini
stem gall aecia Pucciniales Cronartium flaccidum
stem gall aecia Pucciniales Cronartium quercuum
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem gall Tortricidae Retinia resinella
stem pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora pinitorqua
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pini
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara nigritergi
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinihabitans
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara nuda
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Cinara brauni
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pilosa
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinea
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara piniphila
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara hyperophila
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Prociphilus pini
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara maghrebica


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 24.ii.2020