Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pinus sylvestris

scots pine

synonym: Pinus silvestris, sosnowskyi

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem borer Curculionidae Cryphalus piceae
stem borer Curculionidae Ernoporicus caucasicus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityokteines curvidens
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus wainsteini
leaf vagrant Thripidae Stenothrips graminum
predator Phlaeothripidae Xylaplothrips fuliginosus
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips fuscus
leaf vagrant Aeolothripidae Rhipidothrips brunneus
seeds vagrant adult Carabidae Pterostichus melanarius
seeds vagrant adult Carabidae Harpalus affinis
seeds vagrant adult Carabidae Harpalus rubripes
seeds vagrant Harpalus rufipes
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips juniperinus
leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips vittatus
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara palaestinensis
Curculionidae Euryommatus mariae
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia balatonica
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leiopus linnei
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus decoratus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus caroli
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Paracorymbia hybrida
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidulus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Prionus coriarius
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ergates faber
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anastrangalia dubia
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anastrangalia sanguinolenta
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stictoleptura rubra
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Callidium aeneum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Hylotrupes bajulus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Molorchus minor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Acanthocinus griseus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Oxypleurus nodieri
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Monochamus sutor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Acanthocinus hispanicus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus fasciculatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Plagionotus arcuatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Callergates gaillardoti
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Tragosoma depsarium
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Asemum striatum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Asemum tenuicorne
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Arhopalus ferus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Arhopalus rusticus
stem borer Cerambycidae Spondylis buprestoides
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Obrium brunneum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Glaphyra marmottani
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Acmaeops pratensis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium inquisitor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Tetropium fuscum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Monochamus galloprovincialis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium sycophanta
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus lama
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium bifasciatum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Akimerus schaefferi
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Acanthocinus aedilis
unknown unknown Diaspididae Leucaspis knemion
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus piceae
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus pinaceus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus ununguis
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eurytetranychus furcisetus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus brevipilosus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus lagodechii
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus turkestani
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus coniferarum
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus bicolor
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus alticola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus ibericus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus nigricola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus stekolshchikovi
leaf scale Pseudococcidae Heliococcus bohemicus
stem borer Buprestidae Buprestis dalmatina
leaf vagrant Miridae Atractotomus kolenatii
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
unknown unknown Coccidae Coccus pseudomagnoliarum
stem kanker doubtful Nectriaceae Thyronectria cucurbitula
stem kanker Nectriaceae Thyronectria pinicola
stem kanker Cecidomyiidae Gremmeniella abietina
leaf pustule Phacidiaceae Gremmenia infestans
leaf pustule Rhytismataceae Lophodermium seditiosum
leaf pustule Rhytismataceae Lophodermium conigenum
leaf pustule Rhytismataceae Leptostroma pinorum
leaf pustule Rhytismataceae Lophodermium pini-excelsae
leaf pustule Rhytismataceae Lophodermium pinastri
stem kanker Cenangiaceae Crumenulopsis sororia
leaf leaf spot Rhytismataceae Lophodermella sulcigena
stem kanker Botryosphaeriaceae Diplodia pinea
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Lecanosticta acicola
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Dothistroma septosporum
leaf leaf spot Asterinaceae Thyriopsis halepensis
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Philomyrmex insignis
leaf predator Miridae Phytocoris pini
leaf predator Miridae Alloeotomus germanicus
leaf predator Miridae Alloeotomus gothicus
leaf predator doubtful Miridae Bothynotus pilosus
leaf bud vagrant Miridae Pinalitus rubricatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus lapponicus
stem predator Anthocoridae Xylocoridea brevipennis
leaf vagrant Coreidae Spathocera tenuicornis
fruit vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus acuteangulatus
predator Anthocoridae Brachysteles parvicornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Megacoelum beckeri
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Megacoelum infusum
leaf vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus juniperi
leaf vagrant Miridae Megacoelum beckeri
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris minor
leaf vagrant Miridae Atractotomus magnicornis
leaf predator Pentatomidae Chlorochroa pinicola
predator Anthocoridae Cardiastethus fasciiventris
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Orthotylus caprai
predator Anthocoridae Elatophilus nigricornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Pantilius tunicatus
predator Anthocoridae Acompocoris alpinus
predator Anthocoridae Orius horvathi
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Gastrodes grossipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Phoenicocoris obscurellus
leaf vagrant Miridae Pilophorus cinnamopterus
leaf vagrant Miridae Cremnocephalus albolineatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Dichrooscytus rufipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Camptozygum aequale
leaf vagrant Miridae Plesiodema pinetella
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Holcogaster fibulata
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris parvulus
leaf vagrant Miridae Atractotomus marcoi
flower vagrant Miridae Orthotylus fuscescens
flower vagrant Miridae Phoenicocoris modestus
leaf vagrant Miridae Atractotomus parvulus
flower borer doubtful Pyralidae Dioryctria abietella
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus impar
flower vagrant Coreidae Leptoglossus occidentalis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Plinthus squalidus
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera bipunctata
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus yerushalmi
stem borer Cerambycidae Nothorhina muricata
leaf scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes juniperi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Panolis flammea
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Thaumetopoea pinivora
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Actias isabelae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Panthea coenobita
leaf vagrant main Erebidae Lymantria monacha
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes ilicaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hylaea fasciaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hylaea mediterranea
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Hylaea pinicolaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Adalbertia castiliaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Macaria signaria
leaf vagrant main Lasiocampidae Dendrolimus pini
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Thaumetopoea pityocampa
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes rhomboidaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cleora cinctaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Bupalus piniaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia indigata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia lanceata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Pennithera firmata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Thera obeliscata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes secundaria
flower borer Geometridae Eupithecia abietaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Macaria liturata
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Sphinx pinastri
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Sphinx maurorum
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia istriana
stem borer Buprestidae Chalcophora mariana
stem borer Buprestidae Chalcophora intermedia
stem borer Buprestidae Dicerca moesta
stem borer Buprestidae Melanophila acuminata
stem borer Buprestidae Buprestis rustica
stem borer Buprestidae Buprestis haemorrhoidalis
stem borer Buprestidae Buprestis novemmaculata
stem borer Buprestidae Buprestis octoguttata
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia sepulchralis
stem borer Buprestidae Chrysobothris igniventris
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia helvetica
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia quadripunctata
stem borer Buprestidae Chrysobothris chrysostigma
stem borer Buprestidae Chrysobothris solieri
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia morio
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia carmen
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia godeti
stem borer Buprestidae Phaenops formaneki
stem borer Buprestidae Buprestis splendens
stem borer Buprestidae Phaenops cyanea
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Brachyderes incanus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Brachyderes lusitanicus
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lozotaeniodes formosana
unknown unknown Buprestidae Dicerca moesta
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Grypotes puncticollis
leaf vagrant Caliscelidae Wagneripteryx germari
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Apartus michalki
stem vagrant adult Aphrophoridae Aphrophora corticea
leaf vagrant adult Cercopidae Haematoloma dorsata
stem borer Curculionidae Pityophthorus buyssoni
stem borer Curculionidae Crypturgus cribrellus
stem borer Curculionidae Dryocoetes hectographus
stem borer Curculionidae Hylurgops glabratus
stem borer Curculionidae Dendroctonus micans
stem borer Curculionidae Ips typographus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityogenes bistridentatus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityogenes chalcographus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityogenes irkutensis
stem borer Curculionidae Pityokteines spinidens
stem borer Curculionidae Polygraphus punctifrons
stem borer rarely Curculionidae Ips duplicatus
stem borer Curculionidae Polygraphus poligraphus
stem borer Curculionidae Hylastes brunneus
stem borer Curculionidae Ips amitinus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityophthorus glabratus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityophthorus carniolicus
stem borer Curculionidae Orthotomicus proximus
stem borer Curculionidae Ips mannsfeldi
stem borer Curculionidae Crypturgus hispidulus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityophthorus henscheli
stem borer Curculionidae Pityophthorus micrographus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityophthorus pityographus
stem borer Curculionidae Crypturgus subcribrosus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityogenes trepanatus
stem borer Curculionidae Trypodendron laeve
stem borer Curculionidae Carphoborus henscheli
stem borer Curculionidae Hylastes opacus
stem borer Curculionidae Cryphalus abietis
stem borer Curculionidae Crypturgus pusillus
stem borer Curculionidae Orthotomicus suturalis
stem borer Curculionidae Hylastes angustatus
stem borer Curculionidae Hylurgops palliatus
stem borer Curculionidae Dryocoetes autographus
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus saxesenii
stem borer Curculionidae Xylosandrus germanus
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus dispar
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus eurygraphus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityophthorus lichtensteinii
stem borer Curculionidae Gnathotrichus materiarius
stem borer Curculionidae Pityogenes bidentatus
stem borer Curculionidae Ips acuminatus
stem borer Curculionidae Ips sexdentatus
stem borer Curculionidae Orthotomicus laricis
stem borer Curculionidae Orthotomicus longicollis
stem borer Curculionidae Trypodendron lineatum
stem borer Curculionidae Polygraphus grandiclava
stem borer Curculionidae Tomicus minor
stem borer Curculionidae Hylastes attenuatus
stem borer Curculionidae Crypturgus cinereus
stem borer Curculionidae Crypturgus numidicus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityophthorus pubescens
stem borer Curculionidae Carphoborus minimus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityogenes calcaratus
stem borer Curculionidae Pityogenes quadridens
stem borer Curculionidae Orthotomicus erosus
stem borer Curculionidae Hylastes ater
stem borer Curculionidae Hylurgus ligniperda
stem borer Curculionidae Hylastes linearis
stem borer Curculionidae Magdalis nitida
stem borer Curculionidae Pissodes harcyniae
stem vagrant adult Curculionidae Hylobius abietis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Hylobius pinastri
stem borer Rhynchitidae Lasiorhynchites coeruleocephalus
flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips bicolor
flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips ajugae
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Calomicrus apicalis
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Euluperus espanoli
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Euluperus pinicola
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Macrodiprion nemoralis
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Microdiprion pallipes
flower borer Xyelidae Xyela graeca
leaf hidden Pamphilidae Acantholyda flaviceps
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Gilpinia variegata
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Diprion similis
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Gilpinia frutetorum
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Gilpinia laricis
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Gilpinia virens
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Gilpinia pallida
stem borer Siricidae Sirex juvencus
stem borer Siricidae Urocerus gigas
stem borer Siricidae Sirex cyaneus
stem borer Siricidae Sirex noctilio
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Diprion pini
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Cecidomyia sarae
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Cecidomyia harrisi
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Gilpinia socia
leaf hidden Pamphilidae Acantholyda posticalis
leaf hidden Pamphilidae Caenolyda reticulata
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
leaf hidden doubtful Gelechiidae Teleiodes saltuum
stem vagrant Margarodidae Palaeococcus fuscipennis
stem scale Margarodidae Marchalina hellenica
leaf scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes newsteadi
stem borer younger larva Pyralidae Dioryctria simplicella
leaf bud borer older larva Pyralidae Dioryctria simplicella
stem borer Pyralidae Dioryctria sylvestrella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epinotia rubiginosana
stem borer Tortricidae Cydia cognatana
leaf bud borer Tortricidae Zeiraphera ratzeburgiana
stem borer Tortricidae Cydia coniferana
leaf vagrant Diprionidae Neodiprion sertifer
leaf bud borer Tortricidae Zeiraphera griseana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clavigesta sylvestrana
stem borer younger larva Tortricidae Pseudococcyx posticana
leaf bud borer older larva Tortricidae Pseudococcyx posticana
leaf bud borer younger larva Tortricidae Rhyacionia pinivorana
stem borer older larva Tortricidae Rhyacionia pinivorana
stem borer Tortricidae Rhyacionia duplana
stem borer Tortricidae Rhyacionia pinicolana
stem borer Tortricidae Rhyacionia logaea
leaf bud borer Tortricidae Corticivora piniana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ditula angustiorana
leaf hidden Pamphilidae Acantholyda erythrocephala
flower borer Xyelidae Xyela julii
flower borer Xyelidae Xyela longula
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Aphelia viburniana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Archips oporana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Archips oporana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
flower borer Tortricidae Cydia strobilella
stem hidden Tortricidae Cydia cosmophorana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris abietana
stem borer Tortricidae Piniphila bifasciana
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus lineola
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Setoptus multigranulatus
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Trisetacus silvestris
flower borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus phyllocola
leaf bud borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus pinivorax
flower borer Nemonychidae Cimberis attelaboides
flower borer Nemonychidae Doydirhynchus austriacus
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara intermedia
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara montanicola
root vagrant summer generation doubtful Aphididae Pachypappa vesicalis
leaf vagrant summer generation Pineus cembrae
leaf scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus abietis
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis pini
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis pusilla
leaf scale Diaspididae Leucaspis lowi
stem scale Diaspididae Gomezmenoraspis pinicola
stem vagrant Pineus strobi
stem vagrant Matsucoccidae Matsucoccus pini
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinimaritimae
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara guadarramae
flower gall Curculionidae Pissodes validirostris
flower gall Tortricidae Cydia conicolana
leaf bud gall Tortricidae Pseudococcyx turionella
leaf bud gall Tortricidae Rhyacionia buoliana
leaf gall Adelgidae Pineus pini
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia baeri
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Thecodiplosis brachyntera
leaf miner Curculionidae Brachonyx pineti
leaf miner Gelechiidae Exoteleia dodecella
leaf miner Tortricidae Clavigesta purdeyi
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Cedestis gysseleniella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Cedestis subfasciella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Ocnerostoma friesei
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Ocnerostoma piniariella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium cacaliae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium campanulae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium euphrasiae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium inulae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium melampyri
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Coleosporium tussilaginis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora populnea
leaf vagrant summer generation Adelgidae Pineus orientalis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus agilis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus brevipilosus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eulachnus rileyi
leaf vagrant main Aphididae Schizolachnus pineti
leaf vagrant rarely Aphididae Schizolachnus obscurus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes farkasi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Platyphytoptus sabinianae
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Setoptus pini
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Trisetacus ehmanni
stem borer main Cecidomyiidae Cecidomyia pini
stem gall Curculionidae Tomicus piniperda
stem gall Phytoptidae Trisetacus pini
stem gall aecia Pucciniales Cronartium flaccidum
stem gall aecia Pucciniales Cronartium quercuum
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem gall Tortricidae Retinia resinella
stem pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora pinitorqua
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pini
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara nigritergi
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinihabitans
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara nuda
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Cinara brauni
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pilosa
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pinea
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara piniphila
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara hyperophila
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Prociphilus pini
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara maghrebica

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 25.i.2024