Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pinus uncinata

synonym: Pinus montana subsp. uncinata, mugo subsp. uncinata

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeLecanosticta acicola
leafvagrantMiridaeAtractotomus marcoi
leafpredatorMiridaeAlloeotomus gothicus
leafvagrantMiridaeCremnocephalus albolineatus
leafvagrantMiridaeCremnocephalus matocqi
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCaenolyda reticulata
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeDendrolimus pini
stemborerBuprestidaeEurythyrea austriaca
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia istriana
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia quadripunctata
stemborerBuprestidaePhaenops cyanea
stemborerBuprestidaePhaenops formaneki
leafminerGelechiidaeExoteleia dodecella
leafminerYponomeutidaeCedestis subfasciella
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes conjunctus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus glabratus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgops palliatus
stemgallCurculionidaeTomicus piniperda
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes bidentatus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps acuminatus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus erosus
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis frontalis
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis linearis
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis phlegmatica
flowergallCurculionidaePissodes validirostris
flowerborerXyelidaeXyela uncinatae
leafvagrantDiprionidaeDiprion pini
stemhiddenTortricidaeCydia cosmophorana
flowerborerNemonychidaeCimberis attelaboides
leafscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus abietis
leafscaleDiaspididaeLeucaspis lowi
stemvagrantMatsucoccidaeMatsucoccus pini
leafvagrantAphididaeaEulachnus rileyi
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara nuda
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizolachnus pineti
leafvagrantAphididaeaEulachnus brevipilosus
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara montanicola
leafminerCurculionidaeBrachonyx pineti
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara neubergi
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pinea


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 11.viii.2022