Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Eriophyes exilis

Eriophyes exilis (Nalepa, 1892)

on Tilia

Eriophyes exilis:  galls on Tilia cordata

Tilia cordata, Biddinghuizen, Spijkbos © Hans Jonkman

Eriophyes exilis:  gall on Tilia cordata


Eriophyes leiosoma: gall on a bract of  Tilis cordata

Tilia cordata, Blitterswijck: gall on the bract of the inflorescence © Arnold Grosscurt

Eriophyes exilis: gall (erineum) on Tilia tomentosa

Tilia tomentosa, UK, London, Kensington Gardens © Paul Fontaine

Eriophyes leiosoma galls

Tilia cordata, Ooijpolder

Eriophyes leiosoma galls

underside (of another leaf)

Eriophyes leiosoma galls

Tilia sp., France, Haute Savoie, Plateau d’Assy, 1000 m: heavy infestation © Arnold Grosscurt

Eriophyes leiosoma galls

somewhat older galls, underside

Eriophyes leiosoma gall

Tilia cordata, Nieuwendam: underside, detail

Eriophyes leiosoma gall

Tilia x europaea, Amsterdamse Waterleidingduinen: transverse section

Eriophyes exilis gall

Tilia x europaea, Nieuwendam: upperside

Eriophyes exilis gall


Eriophyes exilis gall

hairs (upperside)

Eriophyes exilis gall

transverse section

Eriophyes exilis: young galls on Tilia platyphyllos

Tilia platyphyllos, Hungary, Budapest, Hűvösvölgy © László Érsek; young galls

Eriophyes exilis: old galls on Tilia platyphyllos

Tilia platyphyllos, Hungary, Budapest, Kamaraerdő © László Érsek; old galls

Eriophyes exilis: gall on Tilia platyphyllos

section through a gall

Eriophyes exilis: gall on Tilia platyphyllos

galled vein

Eriophyes exilis: gall on Tilia platyphyllos



There are two or three types of galls. At the one hand epiphyllous or hypophyloous erinea, generally mostly following the veins; the hairs are slender, elongated, contorted, and have a blunt tip. At the other hand hairy warts are formed in the vein angles, that are open at the underside. Also the veins may become galled.


Malvaceae, monphagous

Tilia cordata, x europaea, platyphyllos & subsp. cordiifolia, tomentosa.


Aceria exilis; Eriophyes tiliae exilis; E. leiosoma Nalepa, 1892; E. nervalis Nalepa, 1918.


Béguinot (2002a,d,e, 2003a, 2006a,b,c, 2007a,b, 2012a), Bellmann (2012a), Buchta, Kula & Kresťanpolová (2006a), Chinery (2011a), Cogolludo (1921a), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Coulianos & Karlsson (2014a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Farkas (1965a), Flügel (2016a), C & M Gutue & Roşca (2012a), Hellrigl (2003a, 2006a, 2010a), Houard (1909a [“liosoma”]), Ilie & Marinescu (2011a), Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Kollár (2007a, 2011a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon & Romain (2009a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001a), Lehmann & Flügel (2012a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Ripka (2007a), Ripka, Fain, Kaźmierski, Kreiter & Magowski (2002a), Ripka & de Lillo (1997a), Roivainen (1947a), Roskam (2009a), Skrzypczyńska (2002a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a), Soika (2006a), Soika & Kozak (2013a), Sylvén (1960a), Tomasi (2014a), Vaněčková-Skuhravá (1996a), Weidner (1954a).

Last modified 27.ii.2020