Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parmena balearica

Parmena balearica Vives, 1998

on herbs

parasite

Larvae in the stems.

host plants

polyphagous

Euphorbia characias; Helleborus foetidus, lividus.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).

references

González Peña, Vives i Noguera & de Sousa Zuzarte (2007a), Vives (1998a).

Last modified 29.ix.2021