Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Apteropeda orbiculata

Apteropeda orbiculata (Marsham, 1802)

Apteropeda orbiculata

Plantago major, Germany, Schwarzwald

Apteropeda orbiculata


Apteropeda orbiculata: mine on Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense, Belgium, prov. Namur, Gembloux; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Apteropeda orbiculata mine

Verbascum lychnitis, Belgium, prov. Liège, Theux, Le Rocheux; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Apteropeda orbiculata: gallery mine on Stachys sylvatica

Stachys sylvatica, Belgium, prov. Namur, Couvin, Ry de Pernelle: the opening at right shows that the larva there has started making a new gallery © Stéphane Claerebout

Apteropeda orbiculata: secondary blotch mine on Stachys sylvatica

secondary blotch

Apteropeda orbiculata s.l.  larva and mine on Stachys sylvatica

Stachys sylvatica, Belgium, prov. Namur, Parc National de Furfooz © Stéphane Claerebout; the latva has just started making a new mine

Apteropeda orbiculata: mine on Galeopsis spec.

Galeopsi spec., Biddinghuizen, Spijk- en Bremerbergbos © Hans Jonkman

Apteropeda orbiculata: mine on Galeopsis spec.

another specimen


Rather long full depth corridor that winds freely through the leaf and may cross itself. In the end the corridor widens considerably. Frass mostly in a narrow central line, but may also be deposited along the sides or be missing. The larvae regular leave a mine to restart elsewhere. Pupation outside the mine. Neither larva nor mine can be distinguished from that of related species. (Hering, 1957a). A. globosa is much less polyphagous than orbiculata. See Rheinheimer & Hassler (2018a) for the differences in the imago’s of orbiculata, globosa, and splendida.


Polyphagous, preference for Lamiaceae

Ajuga genevensis, reptans; Aster; Bellis perennis Carduus; Centaurea; Cirsium arvense; Clinopodium vulgare; Digitalis grandiflora, lutea, purpurea; Galeopsis tetrahit; Glechoma hederacea, hirsuta; Kickxia; Lamium; Linaria; Origanum; Pedicularis; Plantago atrata, lanceolata, major; Primula obconica; Prunella; Rhinanthus; Satureja; Scrophularia; Stachys officinalis, recta, sylvatica; Teucrium; Verbascum lychnitis; Veronica chamaedrys.


Larvae in May-July (Hering, 1957a); univoltine, hibernation as adult (Cox, 2007a).


BE Fauna Europaea (2007).

NE Beenen & Winkelman (1993a).

LUX Fauna Europaea (2007).

distribution within Europe

From Denmark tot Spain and Italy, and from France to the Ukraine; also in the British Isles (Cox, 2007a; Fauna Europaea, 2007).



Records of mines of Mniophila muscorum (Koch) are due to confusion with A. orbiculata (Beenen ea, Cox, 1997a). M. muscorum feeds on mosses.


Ahr (1966a), Bahillo de la Puebla & Román (2009a), Baviera & Biondi (2015a), Beenen, van Nunen & Winkelman (2006a), Beenen & Winkelman (1993a), Beiger (1960a), Buhr (1933a, 1964a), Cox (1997a), Doguet (1994a), Hering (1924a, 1925a,b, 1930a,b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Konstantinov & Vandenberg (1996a), Maček (1999a), Michna (1975a), Petitpierre i Vall (1994a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2018a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Warchalowski (2003a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified 15.vii.2020