Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Dibolia femoralis

Dibolia femoralis Redtenbacher, 1849

on Salvia


Large, brown, opaque blotches in the lower leaves, mostly radiating from the leaf tip. Frass, concentrated in the centre of the mine, visible from below as black patches. Pupation outside the mine (Doguet, 1994a; Hering, 1957a). Mines cannot be distinguished from those of D. schillingi on the same host plant, but the adults of femoralis have thoracic shield punctated much more finely.


Lamiaceae, monophagous

Salvia austriaca, barrelieri, nemorosa, officinalis subsp. lavandulifolia, pratensis.

S. pratensis is the main host plant (Doguet, 1994a; Hering, 1957a).


Larvae in May-June; hibernation als imago; univoltine (Doguet, 1994a). According to Hering (1957a) larvae are found in two generations, April-June, then again in August.


Not known (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

France Germany – Poland – Ukraine, and all of Europe further to the south (Doguet, 1994a; Fauna Europaea, 2007).


Larvae yellowish brown, communal; they are able to leave their mine and restart elsewhere (Hering, 1924a). Steinhausen (1994a) gives a key to the larvae – as far as these are known.


See Steinhausen (2002a).


Bastazo, Vela & Petitpierre (1993a), Doguet (1994a), Farina (2015a), von Frauenfeld (1864a), Hering (1924a, 1936a,b, 1957a), Maček (1999a), Mohr (1981a), Ouda, Čížek & Boža (2013a), Reibnitz (2014a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2018a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Steinhausen (1994a, 2002a).

Last modified 11.iv.2023