Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Dibolia timida

Dibolia timida (Illiger, 1807)

on Eryngium


Hering (1957a) writes that the mine begins upper-surface in the leaf, then descends over the petiole to the bark of the stems; because the mines quickly turn black they are easy to find. Doguet (1994a), however, states that the larvae “hollow out” mines in the leaves and petioles.

host plants

Apiaceae, narrowly monophagous

Eryngium campestre, amethystinum.

Not on E. maritimum.


Larvae in May-June (Hering, 1957a). Hibernation as adult (Doguet, 1994a).


BE recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

NE recorded, according to Doguet (1994a), Gruev & Döberl (1997a) and the Fauna Europaea (2007), but this is not confirmed by Beenen & Winkelman (1993a). Ron Beenen (in litt., 2007) has checked the collections of Naturalis and the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam, and has not found any specimen from the Netherlands or Belgium. The statement is not repeated in Gruev & Döberl (2005a).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

From Germany to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2007).


Dibolia eryngii Bach, 1958.


Aslan, Gök, Gürbüz & Ayvaz (2009a), Baviera & Biondi (2015a), Beenen & Winkelman (1993a), Buhr (1933a), Bukejs (2009a), Doguet (1994a), Gruev & Döberl (2005a), Hering (1930a, 1957a), Mohr (1981a), Ouda, Čížek & Boža (2013a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2018a).

Last modified 11.ix.2020