Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cassida rubiginosa

Cassida rubiginosa Müller, 1776

thistle tortoise beetle

on Cirsium, etc.

parasite

Larvae and adults free on the leaves. The spinulose larvae are conspicuous by holding a large lump, a mix of frass and exuvia, over the body, kept in place by a pair of hooks at the tip of the abdomen.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Arctium lappa, minus; Carduus acanthoides, crispus, nutans; Centaurea debeauxii, iberica, jacea; Cirsium arvense, oleraceum, richterianum, vulgare; Cynara; Onopordum acanthium; Saussurea; Serratula tinctoria; Silybum.

phenology

Hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

larva

See Świętojańska ao.

pupa

See Steinhausen (2002a).

references

Asadi, Ghorbani, Karimi, ao (2013a), Bahillo de la Puebla & Román (2009a), Bukejs, Telnov & Barševskis (2009a), Cripps (0000a), Fuss, Geiser & Patzner (2005a), Gavrilović & Ćurčić (2013a), Gavrilović, Gavrilović, Ćurčić, ao (2014a), Majka & LeSage (2008a), Murria Beltrán (2006b), Petitpierre (2009a), Recalde Irurzon & Ugarte San Vicente (2005a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2018a), Świętojańska, Moradian, Borowiec & Ostovan (2013a), Rozner & Rozner (2014a), Steinhausen (2002a), Troukens (2012a).

Last modified 28.ix.2020