Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Timarcha tenebricosa

Timarcha tenebricosa (Fabricius, 1775)

bloody-nosed beetle

on Galium, etc.

parasite

Larvae and adults free on the leaves.

host plants

Rubiaceae, oligophagous

Asperula; Cruciata laevipes; Galium aparine, mollugo, verum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

larva

See Hennig

pupa

See Steinhausen (1996a, 2001b).

references

Aslan, Gök, Gürbüz & Ayvaz (2009a), Bukejs (2009h), Gavrilović, Gavrilović, Ćurči, ao (2014a), Hennig (1938a), Oxford, Oxford & Warwick (2016a), Petitpierre i Vall (1994a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2018a), Steinhausen (1996a, 2001b), Troukens (2012b).

Last modified 28.ix.2020