Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Galerucella calmariensis

Galerucella calmariensis (Linnaeus, 1767)

black-margined loosestrife beetle

on Lythrum


The larvae live, like the ones of G. pusilla, at the undersides of the leaves, causing extensive window feeding. The larvae of both species seem to be indistinguishable. Rheinheimer & Hassler write that the adults of calmariensis are larger and more convex, yellowish red (rather than light brown) and have a broad black median length line on the pronotum.

host plants

Lythraceae, monophagous

Lythrum salicaria, virgatum.


One to four generations; hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


See Steinhausen.


Pyrrhalta calmariensis.


Like G. pusilla employed successfully in the biological control of the introduced Lythrum salicaria in North America.


d’Alessandro & Biondi (2008a), Bahillo de la Puebla & Román (2009a), Bukejs (2009d), Gavrilović & Ćurčić (2013a), Gavrilović, Gavrilović, Ćurčić, ao (2014a), Hubble (2010a), Ilie (2017a), Petitpierre (1988a, 2005a), Regalin, Bezděk, Penati & Ciapponi (2006a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2018a), Rozner & Rozner (2008a), Steinhausen (1996b), Tempère (1971a), Wilson, Schwarzlaender, Blossey & Bell Randall (2004a).

Last modified 22.iii.2024