Sphaeroderma rubidum (Graells, 1858)

on Asteraceae

Sphaeroderma rubidum:  mines on Centaurea jacea

Centaurea jacea, GD Luxembourg, Kautenbach, Routseit.

mine

Long corridor mine, without obvious relation with the leaf margin, with little frass and irregularly eaten out sides. The first part of the mine is full depth and makes a few close loops; the second part is upper-surface and considerably wider. Primary feedings lines often obvious. The larva is so broad that is completely fills the mine.

hostplants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Arctium; Centaurea debeauxii, jacea; Cynara cardunculus, scolymus; Echinops; Onopordum acanthium; Serratula.

phenology

Hibernation as larva.

BENELUX

BE observed (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

NE observed ((Beenen & Winkelman, 1993a; Fauna Europaea, 2007).

LUX observed (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

West, Central and South Europe, also the British Isles (Cox, 2007a; Fauna Europaea, 2007).

larva

notes

A pest in the cultivation of cardoon (Iglesias ao).

references

Beenen & Winkelman (1993a), Bukejs (2009a), Cox (2007a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1930a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Iglesias, Varés & Sinobas (1999a), Lorenz (1997a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2018a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1936a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Steinhausen (1994a), Ugarte San Vicente (2005a), Warchalowski (2003a).

mod 23.vi.2019