Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Zeugophora flavicollis

Zeugophora flavicollis (Marsham, 1802)

mine

For all the western European Zeugophora species applies: large, blackish brown, upper-surface blotch. Oviposition at the leaf underside, in a small pit, that is covered by secretion. These oviposition marks remain visible as small, transparant points. Larva yellow, flattened, with a distinct head but no feet. They live communal, and leave the mine through an upper-surface exit slit.

hostplants

Salicaceae, oligophagous

Populus balsamifera, x canadensis, x canescens, nigra, tremula; Salix alba, alba, x fragilis, caprea, myrsinifolia, pentandra, triandra.

According to Rheinheimer & Hassler (2018a) mainly on Populus tremula and only rarely on Salix.

phenology

Larvae from June to September (Hering, 1957a). One generation, hibernation as larva (Cox, 2007a; Urban, 1922a).

BENELUX

BE uncertain (see below).

NE observed (Beenen & Winkelman, 1993a).

LUX uncertain (see below).

distribution within Europe

W and C Europe, from the UK and the Pyrenees to Belarus, and from Spain to Bulgaria (Cox, 2007a; Warchalowski, 2003a). The Fauna Europaea (2007) gives rather different, certainly erroneous, information.

Urban (1922a).

pupa

See Steinhausen (2001b).

notes

See Warchalowski (2003a) for a key to the beetles.

references

Augustin (1998a), Beenen & Winkelman (1993a), Beiger (1979a), Bieńkowski (2004a), Buhr (1964a), Bukejs (2009b), Cox (2007a), Csóka (2003a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942a), Heinig & Schöller (2012a), Hering (1923a, 1930b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Hubble (2014a), Jong Eun Lee (1998a), Kofler (2011a), Maček (1999a), Nowakowski (1954a), Petitpierre (1983a), Petitpierre i Vall (1994a), Regalin, Bezděk, Penati & Ciapponi (2006a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2018a), Robbins (1991a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Steinhausen (1994a, 2001b), Urban (1922a), Vorst (2010a), Warchalowski (2003a), Zoerner (1970a).

Last modified 19.vii.2020