Phrissotrichum tubiferum (Gyllenhal, 1833)

on Cistus

gall

one to three larvae develop in a flower; they feed on the developing seeds in the capsules. Here also the pupation in a soft brown cocoon. The capsules are not disfigured. The infection is recognisable because, after the flower is dropped, the dry stamens remain attached to the capsule (eventually also by the exit hole of the beetle).

host plants

Cistaceae, monophagous

Cistus albidus, monspeliensis, salviifolius.

synonyms

Apion tubiferum.

references

Alonzo Zarazaga (1981a) , Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Ehret (1990a, 1997a), Friedman & Freidberg (2007a), Germann & Moretti (2006a), Houard (1909a), Sanz Benito, GarcĂ­a-Ocejo Izquierdo & de los Mozos Pascua (1996a), Tomasi (2012a).

mod 14.v.2019