Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Exapion difficile

Exapion difficile (Herbst, 1797)

on Genista, etc.


Larvae and pupae in the pods: one to three, dependent on the size of the pod. The beetles are released by the spontaneous opening of the drying pods.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Cytisus ruthenicus; Genista anglica, germanica, pilosa, tinctoria.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Apion difficile.


Braunert (2017a), Delbol (2013a), Dieckmann (1962a, 1977a), Ehret (1990a), Morris (1982a).Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 4.ix.2020