Exapion ulicis (Forster, 1771)

on Ulex

gall

the larvae feed on the developing seeds; there seems to be no indication of malformation of the pods; pupation in the pod.

host plants

Fabaceae, monophagous

Ulex europaeus, minor, parviflorus.

synonyms

Apion ulicis.

notes

employed in different parts of the world for the biological control of the invasive gorse.

references

Dieckmann (1977a), Ehret (1990a), Kerdellant, Thomann, Vitou ao (2019a), Schröder & Zwölfer (1970a).

mod 14.v.2019