Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ischnopterapion loti

Ischnopterapion loti (Kirby, 1808)

on Lotus, etc.

gall

pod locally swollen or disfigured; inside a few weevil larvae or pupae.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Dorycnium; Lathyrus pratensis; Lotus corniculatus, pedunculatus, tenuis; Medicago falcata; Vicia tetrasperma.

L. corniculatus is the main host plant by far.

synonyms

Apion, Leptapion, loti.

parasitoids, predators

Eupelmus vesicularis; Trichomalus rufinus.

references

Askew, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2001a), Béguinot (2006b), Behne (1987a), Buhr (1964a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Delbol (2013a), Dieckmann (1962a, 1973a, 1977a), Douglas, Bouchard, Anderson ao (2013a), Ehret (1989a, 1990a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Fusu (2017a), Heijerman & Alders (20021a), Morris (1982a), Podlussány (1986a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Roskam (2009a), Tomasi (2014a), Tyler & Tyler (2016a), Ugarte San Vicente (2005a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 20.v.2022