Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Protopirapion atratulum

Protopirapion atratulum (Germar, 1817)

on Cytisus etc.


flower buds are swollen and remain closed; eventually they drop to the ground. Even then the gall contains an active weevil larva, that by abrupt movements can cause the fallen gall to make a sudden jump. Pupation in the gall.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Calicotome spinosa; Cytisus balanse, procumbens, scoparius; Genista sagittalis, tinctoria; Ulex europaeus, minor.


Apion, Pirapion atratulum; Apion striatum Kirby, 1808.


that this species would induce stem galls is not correct.


Benedikt, Krátký & Schön (2016a), Braunert (2017a), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Delbol (2013a), Dieckmann (1977a), Ehret (1990a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Roskam (2009a), Schröder & Zwölfer (1970a), Ugarte San Vicente (2005a), Velázquez de Castro, Alonso Zarazaga & Outerelo (1990a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 5.x.2020