Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Protapion assimile

Protapion assimile (Kirby, 1808)

on Trifolium


The larvae develop in a flower head, pupate in a calyx or in a pod. Possibly bivoltine, hibernation as adult.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Trifolium alpestre, arvense, hybridum, medium, ochroleucon, pratense.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).


Apion assimile.


Avgın & Colonnelli (2011a), Behne (1987a), Buhr (1965a)m Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Delbol (2013a), Dieckmann (1977a), Ehret (1990a), Friedman & Freidberg (2007a), Hoffmann (1958a), Houard (1909a), Podlussány (1986a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Tomasi (2014a).

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