Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Protapion ruficrus

Protapion ruficrus (Germar, 1817)

on Trifolium


The larva lives in a flower head, feeding on, generally but one, developing seed; here also the pupation.

host plants

Fabaceae, narrowly monophagous

Trifolium alpestre, montanum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Apion ruficrus.


Behne (1987a), Cunev (2013a), Dieckmann (1973a, 1977a), Ehret (1990a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 7.ix.2020