Protapion trifolii (Linnaeus, 1768)

on Trifolium

Protapion trifolii feeding pattern on Trifolium repens

Trifolium repens, feeding pattern (from Hoffmann, 1958a).

parasite

The larvae live in the flower heads, feeding on the developing seeds; pupation in the florets. Univoltine, hibernation as imago.

host plants

Fabaceae, monophagous

Trifolium alpestre, medium, ochroleucon, pratense, repens, resupinatum, rubens.

Mainly on T. pratense.
Dickmann could not find any infestation on T. hybridum, repens.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva

Protapion trifolii: larva

from Hoffmann (1958a)

synonyms

Apion trifolii.

references

Avgın & Colonnelli (2011a), Behne (1987a), Buhr (1965a), Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Delbol (2013a), Dieckmann (1973a, 1977a), Ehret (1990a), Friedman & Freidberg (2007a), Hoffmann (1958a), Houard (1909a), Podlussány (1986a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Skuhrovec, Gosik & Caldara (2014a).

mod 18.vi.2019