Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Brachonyx pineti

Brachonyx pineti (Paykull, 1792)


Oviposition deep between a pair of young, still short needles. The larva makes a winding corridor in a needle. Frass brown, dispersed. In the end a pupal chamber is made, again between a pair of needles. Infested needles do swell somewhat, gall-like, and remain stunted in length growth (Hering).
Hoffmann only writes that the larva feeds, and pupates, deep down between two crinkled needles; Pérez Fortea ao describe how the larva develops within the bud scales. The fusiform gall mentioned by Houard is incomprehensible.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus sylvestris, uncinata.


Larvae in May-July (Scherf, 1964a).


BE observed (, 2010a).

NE observed (Heijerman, 1993a).

LUX not observed (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

Entire southern, central and northern Europe, including the UK, but not (yet) in Ireland (Fauna Europaea 2007).


Larva yellow, head included, 2.5 mm long. Also the pupa is yellow.

parasitoids, predators

Trichomalus helvipes.


Askew, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2001a), Behne (1987a), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Delbol (2013a), Dieckmann (1968a, 1988a), Heijerman (1993a), Hering (1957a), Hoffmann (1954a), Houard (1908a), Koch (1932a), Pérez Fortea, Hernandez Alonso & Martin Bernal (1995a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Scherf (1964a), Schnaider (1991a), Tomasi (2003a, 2012a, 2014a), Vorst (2010a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 20.v.2022