Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cionus alauda

Cionus alauda (Herbst, 1784)

on Scrophularia, etc.

parasite

Larvae, “resembling tiny shining slugs”, free on the leaves.

host plants

Scrophulariaceae, oligophagous

Buddleja davidii; Scrophularia alpestris, auriculata, canina, laevigata, lucida, nodosa, peregrina, racemosa, umbrosa; Limosella aquatica; Verbascum blattaria chaixii, nigrum, thapsus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

references

Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Compte (1981a), Delbol (2013a), Košťál & Caldara (2019a), Lechapt (2015a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Stüben (2017a), Ugarte San Vicente (2005a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 18.x.2020