Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cionus alauda

Cionus alauda (Herbst, 1784)

on Scrophularia

parasite

Larvae, “resembling tiny shining slugs”, free on the leaves.

host plants

Scrophulariaceae, monophagous

Scrophularia canina, nodosa, umbrosa.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

references

Delbol (2013a), Lechapt (2015a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Ugarte San Vicente (2005a).

Last modified 10.v.2020