Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cionus hortulanus

Cionus hortulanus (Fourcroy, 1785)

on Scrophularia, Verbascum


The larvae, resembling tiny slugs, free on the leaves. Pupation in a cocoon, made out of secretion, attached to the plant.

host plants

Scrophulariaceae, oligophagous

Scrophularia; Verbascum nigrum, phlomoides.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).


Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Delbol (2013a), Lechapt (2015a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Sanz Benito, GarcĂ­a-Ocejo Izquierdo & de los Mozos Pascua (1996a).

Last modified 11.v.2020