Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cionus scrophulariae

Cionus scrophulariae (Linnaeus, 1758)

on Scrophularia, etc.

parasite

Oviposition in a leaf bud. The yellowish brown, slug-like larvae for a short while live inside a bud, later they live freely, feeding on buds and to a lesser extent also leaves. Pupatipn in a cocoon in the old inflorescence.

host plants

Scrophulariaceae, oligophagous

Buddleja davidii, globosa; Limosella aquatica; Phygelius capensis; Scrophularia auriculata subsp. lyrata, canina, nodosa, scorodonia, scopolii, umbrosa; Verbascum lychnitis, phlomoides, thapsus.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

larva

See Grandi.

references

Balalaikins (2011b), Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Delbol (2013a), Dieckmann (1962a), Grandi (1938b), Gruschwitz (2001b), Hering (1962a), Košťál & Caldara (2019a), Menet (2012a), Pedroni, dal Cortivo & Gatti (2017a), Pérez-Bote, López, Valtueña, ao (2013a), Podlussány (2007a), Räther (1989a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Scherf (1964a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 25.xi.2023