Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cionus tuberculosus

Cionus tuberculosus (Scopoli, 1763)

on Limosella, Scrophularia, Verbascum

parasite

Dark, slimy larvae at the undersides of the leaves. Here also the cocoons, made out of secretion.

host plants

Scrophulariaceae, oligophagous

Limosella aquatica, Scrophularia alpestris, auriculata, canina, nodosa, umbrosa; Verbascum blattaria, densiflorum, lychnitis, nigrum, phoeniceum, thapsus.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

references

Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Delbol (2013a), Košťál & Caldara (2019a), Nilsson (1972a), Räther (1989a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Ugarte San Vicente (2005a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 18.x.2020