Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Gymnetron aper

Gymnetron aper Desbrochers des Loges, 1893

on Veronica


Larva and pupa in a weak elongated swelling of the base of the stem.

host plants

Plantaginaceae, (narrowly?) monophagous


Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Caldara (2008b), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a [“G. asper”]), Papi (2009a), Talamelli (1995a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).