Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Gymnetron beccabungae

Gymnetron beccabungae (Linnaeus, 1761)

on Veronica


the larvae live in the capsules, feeding on the developing seeds; the fruits hardly become galled, do not swell. Pupation in the fruit.

host plants

Plantaginaceae, monophagous

Veronica anagallis-aquatica, beccabunga, scutellata.


Mecinus beccabungae.


Buhr (1965a), Caldara (2008b), Compte (1981a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Delbol (2013a), Dieckmann (1962a), Morris (1982a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 24.ix.2020