Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Gymnetron melanarium

Gymnetron melanarium (Germar, 1821)

on Veronica


larvae and pupae in small stem galls. The adults leave their gall before winter.

host plants

Plantaginaceae, monophagous

Veronica agrestis, austriaca & subsp. teucrium, chamaedrys, officinalis, serpyllifolia.


Buhr (1965a), Caldara (2008b), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Delbol (2013a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Tomasi (2014a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 24.ix.2020