Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Gymnetron veronicae

Gymnetron veronicae (Germar, 1821)

on Veronica


the larva live in the capsules, feeding on the developing seeds; as a result, the fruits form small galls.

host plants

Plantaginaceae, monophagous

Veronica anagallis-aquatica, beccabunga, catenata, scutellata.


Adults emerge in September-October; most hibernate in the galls.


Buhr (1965a), Caldara (2008b), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Delbol (2013a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Morris (1982a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Roskam (2009a), Talamelli (1995a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 25.x.2020