Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Gymnetron villosulum

Gymnetron villosulum Gyllenhal, 1838

on Veronica

Gymnetron villosulum: young gall on Veronica catenata

Veronica catenata, Oegstgeest © Koen van Zoest: very young gall


Veronica beccabunga, Erlecom

galletjelarve in de gal

gall; larve in the -at that moment still thick-walled- gall

larve, lateraal

larva, lateral view

larve ventraal

larva, ventral view

kop dorsaalkop ventraal

head dorsal and ventral

kop lateraalabd end ventraal

head and thorax, lateral; end of abdomen, ventral

pop ventraal

some, by then thin-walled, galls contained pupae or beetles; pupa, ventral view


pupa, lateral and dorsal

host plants

Plantaginaceae, monophagous

Veronica anagallis-aquatica, anagalloides, beccabunga, catenata, scutellata.


Dorytomus, Mecinus, villosulus


Béguinot (2000b, 2012a), Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1965a), Caldara (2008b), Compte (1991a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Delbol (2013a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Houard (1909a), Koops (2013a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Roskam (2009a), Stănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2014a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 25.x.2020