Rhinusa antirrhini Paykull, 1800

on Antirrhinum, Linaria, Microrrhinum, Misopathes

Rhinusa antirrhini

Linaria vulgaris, Dronten; © Arnold Grosscurt

pupa in the gall

two pupae

gall

larvae in the galled and swollen fruits, pupation in the gall. The larvae have a dark-coloured head capsule, which distinguishes them from those of Rh. neta, that have a similar biology (Rheinheimer & Hassler)..

host plants

Plantaginaceae, oligophagpus

Antirrhinum majus; Linaria genistifolia & subsp. dalmatica, repens, vulgaris; Microrrhinum litorale, minus; Misopates orontium.

The occurrence on Antirrhinum is not confirmed by Rheinheimer & Hassler.

synonyms

Gymnetron antirrhini; Mecinus noctis (Herbst, 1795).

notes

In North America the species is employed in the biological control of Linaria vulgaris.

references

Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1964a), Caldara (2008a), Delbol (2013a), Houard (1909a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Roskam (2009a), Sanz Benito, García-Ocejo Izquierdo & de los Mozos Pascua (1996a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a), Wilson, Sing, Piper ao (2005a).

mod 15.v.2019