Orthochaetes insignis (Aubé, 1863)
Prunella vulgaris, Spain, prov. Asturias, Gijon; © Jean-Yves Baugnée
Umbilicus, Spain, Asturias, Gijón, Colina del Cuevo (Playa Serin) © Jean-Yyes Baugnée
Rather narrow gallery, untidy and sometimes branched, usually starting from the base of the leaf, in particular the midrib. Sides of the corridor irregularly eaten out, not really parallel. Frass mostly present, and then in a central line. The larva is capable of leaving the mine and start a new one elsewhere. These later mines are much broader, anf the frass is scattered irregularly. Larvae without feet. Pupation outside the mine (Hering, 1957a).
Aster; Anagallis arvensis; Bellis perennis; Campanula; Carduus; Carlina; Centaurium; Cerastium; Cirsium pannonicum; Cochlearia; Cyclamen hederifolium; Dactylorhiza; Erigeron; Geranium nodosum; Gnaphalium; Himantoglossum; Inula helenium; Lamium; Lapsana communis; Leucanthemum maximum; Myosotis; Orchis; Polygala; Primula elatior; Prunella vulgaris; Ranunculus repens; Salvia; Senecio vulgare; Silene; Smyrnium olusatrum; Tanacetum; Teesdalia nudicaulis; Umbilicus; Valerianella locusta; Verbascum; Veronica.
Larvae almost throughout the year (Hering, 19557a).
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2010).
distribution within Europe
British Isles, France, Iberian Peninsula, Italy (Fauna Europaea, 2007).
Comasinus insignis, C. insignus
In the northern part of its distribution the species reproduces parthenogenetically.
Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), Morris (1982a), Ostojá-Starzewski (2002a).