Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Orthochaetes insignis

Orthochaetes insignis (Aubé, 1863)

Orthochaetes insignis mine

Prunella vulgaris, Spain, prov. Asturias, Gijon © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Orthochaetes insignis: mines on Prunella


Orthochaetes insignis: mine on Umbilicus

Umbilicus, Spain, Asturias, Gijón, Colina del Cuevo (Playa Serin) © Jean-Yyes Baugnée

Orthochaetes insignis: mine on Umbilicus

another mine

Orthochaetes insignis: larva

living larva


Rather narrow gallery, untidy and sometimes branched, usually starting from the base of the leaf, in particular the midrib. Sides of the corridor irregularly eaten out, not really parallel. Frass mostly present, and then in a central line. The larva is capable of leaving the mine and start a new one elsewhere. These later mines are much broader, anf the frass is scattered irregularly. Larvae without feet. Pupation outside the mine (Hering, 1957a).

host plants

Very polyphagous

Aster; Anagallis arvensis; Bellis perennis; Campanula; Carduus; Carlina; Centaurium; Cerastium; Cirsium pannonicum; Cochlearia; Cyclamen hederifolium; Dactylorhiza; Erigeron; Geranium nodosum; Gnaphalium; Himantoglossum; Inula helenium; Lamium; Lapsana communis; Leucanthemum maximum; Myosotis; Orchis; Polygala; Primula elatior; Prunella vulgaris; Ranunculus repens; Salvia; Senecio vulgare; Silene; Smyrnium olusatrum; Tanacetum; Teesdalia nudicaulis; Umbilicus; Valerianella locusta; Verbascum; Veronica.


Larvae almost throughout the year (Hering, 1957a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

British Isles, France, Iberian Peninsula, Italy (Fauna Europaea, 2007).



Comasinus insignis, C. insignus


In the northern part of its distribution the species reproduces parthenogenetically.


Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), Morris (1982a), Ostojá-Starzewski (2002a), Stüben (2017a).

Last modified 22.ix.2020