Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


With exception of the Sitononi, all species of this subfamily are broadly polyphagous; it is not relevant to discuss them individually. The larvae live underground, feeding on young roots; also the pupation takes place in the soil.


Gosik & Sprick (2013a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a).

Last modified 7.viii.2020