Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Limobius borealis

Limobius borealis (Paykull, 1792)

on Erodium, Geranium

gall

the larvae live in the flower buds; according to Houard this leads in E. ciconium to a swelling of the buds. Pupation in a globular, smooth, yellow cocoon attached to the plant.

host plants

Geraniaceae, oligophagous

Erodium chium, cicutarium, ciconium, malacoides; Geranium molle, pratense, pyrenaicum, sanguineum.

larva

Yellowish white, black pinacula; see Dieckmann.

references

Balalaikins (2012a,b), Behne (1987a), Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Compte (1981a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Dieckmann (1989b), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Houard (1909a), Lorenz (1997a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Skuhrovec & Alonso-Zarazaga (2017a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 25.xi.2020