Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cleonis pigra

Cleonis pigra (Scopoli, 1763)

on Asteraceae, Cardueae

gall

stem base or root collar with an unilocular swelling of up to 5 x 1 cm; the larva is solitary and pupates in the gall.

hostplants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Arctium minus; Carduus acanthoides, hamulosus, nutans, uncinatus; Centaurea arenaria, diffusa, odessana, solstitialis, stoebe; Cirsium arvense, eriophorum, ferox, oleraceum, ukranicum, vulgare; Cynara; Echinops orientalis; Jurinea cyanoides; Onopordum acanthium; Silybum marianum; Tanacetum vulgare.

egg, larva, pupa

see Skuhrovec ao.

synonyms

Cleonus piger.

references

Balalaikins & Bukejs (2011a), Buhr (1964a), Compte (1981a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Dieckmann (1983a), Gültekin (2004a, 2008a), Houard (1909a), Menet (2012a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Roskam (2009a), Schmitz (1998a), Skuhrovec, Volovnik, Gosik, ao (2019a), Stejskal & Trnka (2013a), Tomasi (2014a),Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 25.xi.2023