Larinus minutus Gyllenhal, 1835

on Centaurea

gall

the larvae feed on the developing achenes, and pupate in the partly eaten receptacle. Galling does not seem to take place.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Centaurea diffusa, stoebe.

notes

Employed in the United States in the biological control of Centaurea stoebe, spotted knapweed.

references

Alford, Kring & Raghu (2016a), Cunev (2013a), Gültekin & Anderson (2017a), Hoebeke & Spichiger (2016a), Kashefi & Sobhian (2009a), Lang, Hansen, Richard & Ziolkowski (2000a).

mod 5.v.2019