Larinus sturnus (Schaller, 1783)

on thistles

parasite

The larvae live in the flower head, feeding on the fruits and the receptacle; pupation ib a cavity in the receptacle.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Arctium lappa, minue; Carduus crispus, hamulosus, nutans, pycnocephalus; Centaurea jacea, scabiosa; Cirsium arvense, eriophorum, helenioides, heterophyllum, oleraceum, palustre, spinosissimum, tuberosum, vulgare; Silybum marianum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva, pupa

See Gosik & Skuhrovec.

references

Balalaikins & Bukejs (2011a), Delbol (2012b), Dieckmann (1983a), Gosik & Skuhrovec (2011a), Gültekin (2004a), Kofler (2014a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Sanz Benito, García-Ocejo Izquierdo & de los Mozos Pascua (1996a), Skuhrovec & Gosik (2011a), Zwoelfer (1971a).

mod 23.viii.2019