Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lixus bardanae

Lixus bardanae (Fabricius, 1787)

on Rumex

parasite

Oviposition in the petiole of a low leaf or in the stem; the opening is closed with a wad of chewed plant material, that later turns dark red. The larvae bore tunnels, descending into the stem. Ultimately they also pupate here, in a frass-lined pupal chamber. One petiole or internode may harbour up to a dozen larvae.

host plants

Polygonaceae, ? monofaag

Rumex acetosa, aquaticus, crispus, hydrolapathum, patientia.

Recorded also from Rheum, but this relation is not repeated by later authors.
Also the reference to Heracleum by Balalaikins & Bukejs needs confirmation.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Balalaikins & Bukejs (2011a), Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Dieckmann (1983a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Gültekin (2007a), Gültekin, Zengin & Hayat (2004a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Ross (1911a), Stejskal & Trnka (2013a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 24.x.2020