Lixus filiformis (Fabricius, 1781)

on Carduus, Cirsium, Silybum

parasite

Four to seven eggs are deposited in the wall of the stem; the opening is closed with a wad of chewed plant material. The larvae hollow the stem, ultimately pupate in the stem, in the region of the root collar.

host plants

Asteraceae-Carduinae, narrowly oligophagous

Carduus acanthoides, crispus, nutans, pycnocephalus, uncinatus; Cirsium arvense, eriophorum, vulgare; Silybum marianum.

The reference to Heracleum sphondylium by Tomasi is incorrect.

phenology

Univoltine; the beetle hibernate, still in the stem.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Lixus elongatus (Goeze, 1777) (nec Curculio elongatus Fabricius 1775).

references

Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Dieckmann (1983a), Gültekin (2004a, 2007a), Lorenz (1997a), Nikulina & Gültekin (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Tomasi (2014a).

mod 7.vi.2019