Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lixus filiformis

Lixus filiformis (Fabricius, 1781)

on Carduus, Cirsium, Silybum

parasite

Four to seven eggs are deposited in the wall of the stem; the opening is closed with a wad of chewed plant material. The larvae hollow the stem, ultimately pupate in the stem, in the region of the root collar.

host plants

Asteraceae-Carduinae, narrowly oligophagous

Carduus acanthoides, crispus, nutans, pycnocephalus, uncinatus; Cirsium arvense, eriophorum, vulgare; Cousinia; Silybum marianum.

The reference to Heracleum sphondylium by Tomasi is incorrect.

phenology

Univoltine; the beetle hibernate, still in the stem.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Lixus elongatus (Goeze, 1777) (nec Curculio elongatus Fabricius 1775).

references

Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Compte (1981a), Dieckmann (1983a), Gültekin (2004a, 2007a), Lorenz (1997a), Nikulina & Gültekin (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Stejskal & Trnka (2013a), Tomasi (2014a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Last modified 2.x.2020