Lixus iridis Olivier, 1807

on Apiaceae

gall

The larva lives in the hollow stem. Here also pupation takes place, in a pupal cocoon. Sometimes this results in a weak fusiform swelling of an internodium.

host plants

Apiaceae, oligophagous

Angelica; Anthriscus sylvestris; Apium; Berula; Chaerophylum; Cicuta; Conium; Heracleum sphondylium; Levisticum officinale; Oenanthe; Pastinaca; Peucedanum palustre; Selinum; Sium.

According to Rheinheimer & Hassler, cow parsley is the main host plant. Galls have been cited only from hogweed.

larva, pupa

See Zotov.
Lixus iridis larva

larva (from Zotov)

references

Balalaikins & Bukejs (2011a), Buhr (1964a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Dieckmann (1983a), Friedman (2018a), Germann (2017a), Houard (1909a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Sprick, Schmidt & Gärtner (2013a), Tomasi (2014a), Zotov (2009a).

mod 1.vi.2019