Hylastes ater (Paykull, 1800)
black pine bark beetle
Larvae in the bark of the base of trees and thick exposed roots of strongly weakened young trees. The young beetles feed for their maturation on the bark of young trees and saplings, often killing them. Monogamous species.
Pinus brutia, nigra & subsp. laricio + pallasiana, pinaster, pinea, poderosa, radiata, sylvestris.
Rarely Picea abies.. Salmi mentions Abies nordmanniana & subsp. equi-trojani..
Univoltine, sometimes bivoltine.
distribution within Europe
Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Duffy (1953a), Gatti (2011a), Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), López Romero, Romón Ochoa, Iturrondobeitia Bilbao & Goldaracena Lafuente (2007a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Ruiz-Portero, Barranco & Cabello (2004a), Schedl (1980a), Selmi (1987a).