Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Hypoborus ficus

Hypoborus ficus Erichson, 1836

fig bark beetle

on Ficus, etc.

Hypoborus ficus: gallery pattern

Ficus; at left the gallery system in the decorticated wood (below a biramous boord gallery, on top a blister-like brood gallery); at right the cortex, damaged where it is positioned over a brood gallery © C. Allgaier, from Gebhardt.

parasite

Larvae and adults in the bark of the branches.

host plants

Moraceae, monophagous

Ficus carica.

But sometimes also Ailanthus altissima; Corylus avellana; Eucalyptus camaldulensis; Morus alba; Styrax officinalis; Vitis vinifera.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

references

Akşit, Çakmak & Özsemerci (2005a), Bernabo (1993a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Gebhardt (2015a), Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a), Mifsud & Knížek (2009a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Sarıkaya (2013a), Tuncer, Knizek & Hulcr (2017a).

Last modified 23.xi.2020