Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ips typographus

Ips typographus Linnaeus, 1758

eight-toothed spruce bark beetle, european spruce bark beetle

on Picea, etc.

Ips typographus galleries

gallery systems © Tpani, Wikimedia Commons


Larvae and adults in the bark of both healthy and weakened treed. Polygamous species,

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Picea abies.

Kess often Abies alba, sibirica; Pinus sylvestris.


1-2 Generations; hibernations as imago in a gallery or in the litter.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).


When after a period of severe drought or a heavy storm the circumstances for a mass occurrences are favourable, also healthy trees are attacked. Also because the beetle introduces fungi, large numbers of trees may then be killed in a short while.


Borkowski (2011a), Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Christiansen (1991a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Duffy (1953a)m Gatti (2011a), Lukić, Zgrablić & Mičetić Stanković (2019a), Munroe (1926a). Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Noma, Colunga-Garcia, Brewer, ao (2010a), Öhrn (2012a), Schedl (1980a), Tree Health Team (2019a), Vojtěch, Křenová & Jakuš (2013a).

Last modified 3.iv.2021