Ips typographus Linnaeus, 1758
eight-toothed spruce bark beetle, european spruce bark beetle
on Picea, etc.
gallery systems © Tpani, Wikimedia Commons
Larvae and adults in the bark of both healthy and weakened treed. Polygamous species,
1-2 Generations; hibernations as imago in a gallery or in the litter.
distribution within Europe
When after a period of severe drought or a heavy storm the circumstances for a mass occurrences are favourable, also healthy trees are attacked. Also because the beetle introduces fungi, large numbers of trees may then be killed in a short while.
Borkowski (2011a), Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Christiansen (1991a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Duffy (1953a)m Gatti (2011a), Lukić, Zgrablić & Mičetić Stanković (2019a), Munroe (1926a). Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Noma, Colunga-Garcia, Brewer, ao (2010a), Öhrn (2012a), Schedl (1980a), Tree Health Team (2019a), Vojtěch, Křenová & Jakuš (2013a).